Witchcraft was the practice of magical arts. A practitioner of witchcraft was called a witch. In some cultures, the term "wizard" was used to refer to a male witch. (TV: The Dæmons)

Advanced science and technology, such as a DNA replication module, could be mistaken for witchcraft by those of less advanced cultures. The Carrionites used a word-based science that resembled witchcraft. (TV: The Shakespeare Code) Similarly, psychic powers could be mistaken for witchcraft, and individuals who possessed such abilities could be denounced as witches. (AUDIO: Winter for the Adept)

On Earth, followers of pre-Christian religions such as Neopaganism could be referred to as witches. Members of such religions, including the Witchkids, often rejected technology and gloried in superstition. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Warhead)

The Seventh Doctor was accused of witchcraft after his TARDIS materialised in a Haven marketplace. (PROSE: Companion Piece)

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