FANDOM


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{{first pic|Carrionite on broom (TSC).jpeg|[[Martha Jones]] spots [[Lilith|"a witch"]] from the window of [[the Elephant]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'')}}
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{{looks like|Carrionite}}
 
A '''witch''' was a practioner of [[magic]]al arts. The term was often primarily applied to female magicians, though not all female magicians considered themselves witches. Some cultures used the term "[[wizard]]" to refer to a male witch ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'') while others used witch to refer to practioners of both sexes. Less advanced cultures had a fear of witches and would sometimes mistake [[psychic power]]s or [[Clarke's Law|advanced technology]] as witchcraft.
 
A '''witch''' was a practioner of [[magic]]al arts. The term was often primarily applied to female magicians, though not all female magicians considered themselves witches. Some cultures used the term "[[wizard]]" to refer to a male witch ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'') while others used witch to refer to practioners of both sexes. Less advanced cultures had a fear of witches and would sometimes mistake [[psychic power]]s or [[Clarke's Law|advanced technology]] as witchcraft.
   
== History ==
+
A benevolent witch was known as a '''white witch'''. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'') In [[Orkney]], [[Scotland]], a witch could be referred to as a '''spey-wife'''. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Revenants (audio story)|The Revenants]]'') A group of witches was called a [[coven]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'')
=== Significance in human history ===
 
Alien entities, the [[Fendahl]] ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'') and the [[Dæmon]]s ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'') undoubtably affected [[human]]ity, specifically human notions of witchcraft.
 
   
During the [[17th century]] in [[Europe]] and in [[Salem Village]], fear of witchcraft was the pretext for the trial and state-approved murder of many innocents. ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'', [[PROSE]]: ''[[The Witch Hunters]]'') Several {{w|Witchcraft Acts}} were passed by governments prohibiting its practice. Suspects of witchcraft were bound and thrown into a [[pond]]. If the suspect sunk and [[Drowning|drowned]], they were considered innocent. If he or she floated, however, they were found guilty and were [[Death penalty|executed]]. One way or another, the suspect would die. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Plague of the Daleks (audio story)|Plague of the Daleks]]'')
+
== Common attributes ==
  +
A witch practiced witchcraft. In folklore, witches were known for flying on [[broom]]sticks and cackling. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'') They were also capable of casting spells. ([[TV]]: ''[[Invasion of the Dinosaurs]]'')
   
The last Witchcraft Act was not repealed until [[1951]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'')
+
== Witchcraft ==
  +
[[File:Death by witchcraft.jpg|thumb|[[Lynley]] is killed by [[DNA replication module|"witchcraft"]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'')]]
  +
Advanced science and technology, such as a [[DNA replication module]], could be mistaken for witchcraft by those of less advanced cultures. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'') Similarly, [[psychic power]]s could be mistaken for witchcraft, and individuals who possessed such abilities could be denounced as witches. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Winter for the Adept]]'')
   
As late as the [[20th century]], in [[England]], witches both "white" (benevolent) like [[Olive Hawthorne]] ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'') and evil, like the members of the [[Hecate Cult]], still formed [[coven]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'', [[TV]]: ''[[A Girl's Best Friend]]'')
+
On Earth, followers of pre-[[Christian]] religions, such as [[Neopaganism]] could be referred to as witches. Members of such religions, including the [[Witchkids]], often rejected technology and gloried in superstition. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Cat's Cradle: Warhead]]'')
   
In the early [[21st century]], {{w|neopaganism}} gained in popularity. Neopaganists ecompassed violent young gangs. One, the [[Witchkids]], spread across the [[United States]]. They rejected technology and knowledge and gloried in violence and superstition. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Cat's Cradle: Warhead]]'') Another called themselves the [[Raven]]s. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Ravens (comic story)|Ravens]]'')
+
== Witches on Earth ==
  +
Alien entities, the [[Fendahl]] ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'') and the [[Dæmon]]s ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'') undoubtably affected [[human]]ity, specifically human notions of witchcraft.
   
In [[Orkney]], [[Scotland]], witches were known as "spaywives." ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Revenants (audio story)|The Revenants]]'')
+
A soldier from [[1916]] was sent to [[1535]] by a [[Weeping Angel]]. The soldiers appearance was witnessed by a crowd and he was burned as a witch. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Weeping Angels of Mons (comic story)|The Weeping Angels of Mons]]'')
   
Across space, the [[Traveller (Love and War)|Travellers]] of the [[26th century]], who had originated on Earth, honoured ancient gods and conducted rituals. The Travellers used [[puterspace]] as a way to experience mystic realities without drugs. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Love and War (novel)|Love and War]]'')
+
==== Persecution on Earth ====
  +
[[File:Witch Hunt (comic story).jpg|thumb|left|[[Clara Oswald]] faces death by [[drowning]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Witch Hunt (comic story)|Witch Hunt]]'')]]
  +
During the [[17th century]] in [[Europe]], fear of witchcraft was the pretext for the trial and state-approved murder of many innocents. ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'') This was the same in the [[United States]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Witch Hunters]]'')
   
== Other references ==
+
In Britain, [[English Parliament|Parliament]]ary [[Witch hunter|Witch-Pricker]]s investigated potential witches. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Witch from the Well (audio story)|The Witch from the Well]]'') These hunters included [[Matthew Hopkins]], the self-styled Witchfinder General. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Witch Hunt (comic story)|Witch Hunt]]'') Those denounced as witches faced trial. One such ceremony was ''[[A Tryal of Witches at the Assizes]]'', held in [[London]] in the [[17th century]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Woman Who Lived (TV story)|The Woman Who Lived]]'')
=== Humans ===
 
[[Ashildr]] cured a whole village of [[scarlet fever]]. However, they believed she was a witch and attempted to [[drown]] her. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Woman Who Lived]]'')
 
   
In [[March]] [[1215]], [[Turlough]] found himself locked up as a witch for supposedly conjuring up demons in the court of [[King]] [[John of England]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The King's Demons]]'')
+
Suspected witches were tied up and had [[fruit]] thrown at them. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Witch from the Well (audio story)|The Witch from the Well]]'') The [[Bible]] instructed not to allow witches to live. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Winter for the Adept]]'') Several [[Witchcraft Acts]] were passed by governments prohibiting its practice. Suspects of witchcraft were bound and thrown into a [[pond]]. If the suspect sunk and [[Drowning|drowned]], they were considered innocent. If he or she floated, however, they were found guilty and were [[Death penalty|executed]]. One way or another, the suspect would die. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Plague of the Daleks (audio story)|Plague of the Daleks]]'') The [[ducking stool]] was a similar method of punishment. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Devil's Armada (audio story)|The Devil's Armada]]'') Witches could also be [[Fire|burned at the stake]] ([[TV]]: ''[[Invasion of the Dinosaurs]]'') or [[hanged]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Witch Hunters]]'') In Britain, the last Witchcraft Act was not repealed until [[1951]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'')
   
In [[July]] [[1553]], when Mistress [[Ellen (Lost in Time)|Ellen]] and Queen [[Jane Grey]] witnessed [[Rani Chandra]] return to her [[2010|own time]] via a [[time window]], Ellen believed it witchcraft, but Jane believed Rani to have been an [[angel (mythology)|angel]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Lost in Time (TV story)|Lost in Time]]'')
+
==== History of witches in Britain ====
  +
===== 13th century =====
  +
In [[March]] [[1215]], [[Turlough]] found himself locked up as a witch for supposedly conjuring up [[demon]]s in the court of [[King]] [[John of England]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The King's Demons]]'')
   
In [[June]] [[1692]], [[Susan Foreman]] found herself accused of witchcraft in [[Salem Village]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Witch Hunters]]'')
+
===== 16th century =====
  +
[[Ashildr]], an [[immortal]] [[human]], cured a whole village of [[scarlet fever]]. However, they believed she was a witch and attempted to [[drown]] her. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Woman Who Lived]]'')
   
[[Peril Bellamy]]'s ancestors, who like her possessed [[telekinesis]], were sometimes mistaken for witches. Miss [[Tremayne]] overheard this fact and threatened her with a butcher's knife, as the [[Bible]] instructed not to allow witches to live. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Winter for the Adept]]'')
+
In [[London]] during [[July]] [[1553]], when Mistress [[Ellen (Lost in Time)|Ellen]] and Queen [[Jane Grey]] witnessed [[Rani Chandra]] return to her [[2010|own time]] via a [[time window]], Ellen believed it witchcraft, but Jane believed Rani to have been an [[angel (mythology)|angel]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Lost in Time (TV story)|Lost in Time]]'')
   
[[Martha Tyler]] knew the ancient traditions and posessed [[clairvoyance|second sight]] because of the [[Fetch Priory]]'s [[time fissure]]. Local gossips painted her as a witch. Locals deferred to her and called her Mother Tyler, as an symbolic sign of respect. A genuine [[coven]] of malign witches, led by occultist [[Maximillian Stael]], also lived in the area and plotted to resurrect the [[Fendahl]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'')
+
In [[1588]], [[Pincham|Mistress Pincham]], the [[midwife]] in [[Sissenden Village]], was thought to be a witch and punished. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Devil's Armada (audio story)|The Devil's Armada]]'')
   
  +
[[File:Doomfinger.jpg|thumb|The [[Carrionite]]s resembled witches. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'')]]
  +
In [[London]], [[1599]], three [[Carrionite]]s planned to use [[William Shakespeare]]'s play, [[Love's Labour's Won]], to free their race and establish a "Millennium of blood". The Carrionites were witch-like creatures who used [[voodoo]] and "spells" to kill their victims. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'')
  +
  +
===== 17th century =====
  +
In the [[17th century]], [[Agnes Leech]] was accused of being a witch. [[Matthew Hopkins]] came to find Agnes and framed her. [[Clara Oswald]] convinced a mob that Hopkins was the witch, not Agnes. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Witch Hunt (comic story)|Witch Hunt]]'')
  +
  +
===== 20th century =====
 
The [[Third Doctor]] once encountered a [[Peasant (Invasion of the Dinosaurs)|peasant]] who had been sent to [[1970s]] [[London]] by a [[time eddy]]. The peasant claimed that a witch cast a spell on him, he was going to tell the [[priest]] so he could have her burned. ([[TV]]: ''[[Invasion of the Dinosaurs]]'')
 
The [[Third Doctor]] once encountered a [[Peasant (Invasion of the Dinosaurs)|peasant]] who had been sent to [[1970s]] [[London]] by a [[time eddy]]. The peasant claimed that a witch cast a spell on him, he was going to tell the [[priest]] so he could have her burned. ([[TV]]: ''[[Invasion of the Dinosaurs]]'')
   
[[Sarah Jane Smith]] and [[K9 Mark III|K9]] encountered witches who worshipped [[Hecate]] in [[1981]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Girl's Best Friend]]'')
+
[[Martha Tyler]] lived in [[Fetchborough]], [[1977]]. She was locally painted as a white witch, knew the ancient traditions and possessed [[clairvoyance|second sight]] because of the [[Fetch Priory]]'s [[time fissure]]. Locals deferred to her and called her Mother Tyler, as an symbolic sign of respect. A genuine [[coven]] of malign witches, led by occultist [[Maximillian Stael]], also lived in the area and plotted to resurrect the [[Fendahl]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Image of the Fendahl]]'')
   
=== Other species ===
+
[[Olive Hawthorne]] was a white witch who lived in [[Devil's End]] in the [[UNIT dating controversy|1970s or 1980s]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Dæmons]]'')
Though not precisely a witch, [[the Seeker]] appeared to serve a similar cultural function. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Ribos Operation]]'')
 
   
[[Brimo]], a woman from the planet [[Nefrin]] long before the formation of the [[Earth]], adopted a witch-like persona. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Time Witch (comic story)|Doctor Who and the Time Witch]]'')
+
In [[Moreton Harwood]] in [[1981]], [[Sarah Jane Smith]] and [[K9 Mark III|K9]] encountered witches who worshipped [[Hecate]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Girl's Best Friend]]'')
   
The [[Sycorax leader]] regarded the Doctor as a practitioner of witchcraft when he saw him [[regeneration|regrow]] his hand after his cut it off. The Doctor told the Sycorax that he was a [[Time Lord]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Christmas Invasion]]'')
+
[[Aggie (The Sow in Rut)|Aggie]] was a white witch who gave Sarah Jane Smith some [[heather]] to use as protection against a [[demonic pig spirit]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Sow in Rut (short story)|The Sow in Rut]]'')
   
The [[Carrionite]]s were witch-like creatures who used [[voodoo]] and "spells" to kill their victims. They tried to overthrow the Earth, but they were stopped by [[William Shakespeare]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'')
+
===== 21st century =====
  +
Around the early 21st century, the leader of the [[Ravens (gang)|Ravens]] kidnapped [[Christine Jenkins|Christine]] and [[Demi Jenkins]] and attempted to summon a daemon from the past. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Ravens (comic story)|Ravens]]'')
   
Evil witches from throughout the [[universe]] held a gathering on the planet [[Vargo]] that was led by the [[Grand Witch]]. The [[Second Doctor]] posed as a wizard to scare off most of the witches, then dealt with the remaining Grand Witch. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Witches]]'')
+
Above [[London]] in [[2006]], the [[Sycorax leader]] regarded the Doctor as a practitioner of witchcraft when he saw him [[regeneration|regrow]] his hand after his cut it off. The Doctor told the Sycorax that he was a [[Time Lord]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Christmas Invasion]]'')
  +
  +
==== History of witches in the United States ====
  +
In the early [[21st century]], [[neopaganism]] gained in popularity. Neopaganists ecompassed violent young gangs. One, the [[Witchkids]], spread across the [[United States]]. They rejected technology and knowledge and gloried in violence and superstition. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Cat's Cradle: Warhead]]'')
  +
  +
===== 17th century =====
  +
The [[Salem witch trials]] were the trials of supposed witches in [[Salem Village]] between [[1692]] and [[1693]]. In [[June]] [[1692]], [[Susan Foreman]] found herself accused of witchcraft in [[Salem Village]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Witch Hunters]]'') [[Tituba]], [[Rebecca Nurse]], [[John Proctor]] and [[Elizabeth Proctor]] were all falsely accused of witchcraft by [[Reverend]] [[Samuel Parris]] and [[hanged]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Witch Hunters]]'')
  +
  +
===== 20th century =====
  +
[[Mathilda (Wonderland)|Mathilda]], also known as the Witch of Buena Vista, distributed [[Blue Moonbeams]] in [[San Francisco]] in [[1967]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Wonderland (novel)|Wonderland]]'')
  +
  +
==== Elsewhere on Earth ====
  +
[[Peril Bellamy]], a student at the [[Tremayne Academy]], [[Switzerland]], in [[1963]], was [[telekinetic]]. She and her ancestors were often accused of being witches. Miss [[Tremayne]] overheard this fact and threatened her with a butcher's knife. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Winter for the Adept]]'')
  +
  +
==== Cultural depictions ====
  +
[[William Shakespeare]] wrote about witches ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]''), featuring them in his play, ''[[Macbeth]]''. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The True Tragedy of Macbeth (short story)|The True Tragedie of Macbeth]]'')
  +
  +
[[Arthur Miller]] wrote a play entitled ''[[The Crucible]]'' based on the Salem witch trials. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Witch Hunters]]'')
  +
  +
The [[Time Lord]] [[Marnal]] wrote ''[[The Witch Lords]]'' during his time on Earth. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Gallifrey Chronicles (novel)|The Gallifrey Chronicles]]'')
  +
  +
''[[The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe]]'' was a book ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Question Mark Pyjamas (short story)|Question Mark Pyjamas]]'') written by [[C. S. Lewis]] ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Professor, the Queen and the Bookshop (comic story)|The Professor, the Queen and the Bookshop]]'')
  +
  +
''[[Harry Potter]]'' was a series of books by [[J.K. Rowling]], ([[TV]]: ''[[The Shakespeare Code]]'') which included ''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]''. ([[TV]]: ''[[The End of the World (TV story)|The End of the World]]'') [[PQ Rowling]], a descendant of J.K., later wrote ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Moon Dentist]]''. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Adaptation of Death]]'')
  +
  +
=== Elsewhere in the universe ===
  +
Though not precisely a witch, [[the Seeker]] on [[Ribos]] appeared to serve a similar cultural function. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Ribos Operation]]'')
   
 
On [[Talderun]], a cult of witches led by [[Jal Dor Kal]] worshipped [[Shara]]'s relic. These witches were all killed when the relic was removed and the temple collapsed. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Nekromanteia]]'')
 
On [[Talderun]], a cult of witches led by [[Jal Dor Kal]] worshipped [[Shara]]'s relic. These witches were all killed when the relic was removed and the temple collapsed. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Nekromanteia]]'')
  +
  +
Evil witches from throughout the [[universe]] held a gathering on the planet [[Vargo]] that was led by the [[Grand Witch]]. The [[Second Doctor]] posed as a wizard to scare off most of the witches, then dealt with the remaining Grand Witch. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Witches]]'')
  +
  +
Across space, the [[Traveller (Love and War)|Travellers]] of the [[26th century]], who had originated on Earth, honoured ancient gods and conducted rituals. The Travellers used [[puterspace]] as a way to experience mystic realities without drugs. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Love and War (novel)|Love and War]]'')
  +
  +
[[Brimo]], a woman from the planet [[Nefrin]] long before the formation of the [[Earth]], adopted a witch-like persona. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Time Witch (comic story)|Doctor Who and the Time Witch]]'')
   
 
The [[Carpalian Witch]] was a spider-like witch whom the Doctor and Donna once met. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Doctor Trap]]'')
 
The [[Carpalian Witch]] was a spider-like witch whom the Doctor and Donna once met. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Doctor Trap]]'')
  +
  +
== References ==
  +
The [[Witch and Whirlwind]] was a pub on [[Dellah]] frequented by Bernice Summerfield. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Dragons' Wrath (novel)|Dragons' Wrath]]'') [[Straggly Witch]] was the name of a [[loch]] in [[Scotland]]. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Enemy Aliens (audio story)|Enemy Aliens]]'')
  +
  +
The [[Witch of the Well]] was a name given to the Caliburn Ghast - a [[ghost]] haunting [[Caliburn House]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Hide]]'') The [[Eleventh Doctor]] later called through a [[time fissure]] to [[Clara Oswald]] using this name, who scared [[Elizabethan]] [[soldier]]s by threatening to turn them all into [[frog]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Day of the Doctor]]'')
 
[[Category:Occult]]
 
[[Category:Occult]]
 
[[Category:Religion from the real world]]
 
[[Category:Religion from the real world]]

Revision as of 18:11, January 3, 2017

WikipediaInfo

A witch was a practioner of magical arts. The term was often primarily applied to female magicians, though not all female magicians considered themselves witches. Some cultures used the term "wizard" to refer to a male witch (TV: The Dæmons) while others used witch to refer to practioners of both sexes. Less advanced cultures had a fear of witches and would sometimes mistake psychic powers or advanced technology as witchcraft.

A benevolent witch was known as a white witch. (TV: The Dæmons) In Orkney, Scotland, a witch could be referred to as a spey-wife. (AUDIO: The Revenants) A group of witches was called a coven. (TV: Image of the Fendahl)

Common attributes

A witch practiced witchcraft. In folklore, witches were known for flying on broomsticks and cackling. (TV: The Shakespeare Code) They were also capable of casting spells. (TV: Invasion of the Dinosaurs)

Witchcraft

Death by witchcraft

Lynley is killed by "witchcraft". (TV: The Shakespeare Code)

Advanced science and technology, such as a DNA replication module, could be mistaken for witchcraft by those of less advanced cultures. (TV: The Shakespeare Code) Similarly, psychic powers could be mistaken for witchcraft, and individuals who possessed such abilities could be denounced as witches. (AUDIO: Winter for the Adept)

On Earth, followers of pre-Christian religions, such as Neopaganism could be referred to as witches. Members of such religions, including the Witchkids, often rejected technology and gloried in superstition. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Warhead)

Witches on Earth

Alien entities, the Fendahl (TV: Image of the Fendahl) and the Dæmons (TV: The Dæmons) undoubtably affected humanity, specifically human notions of witchcraft.

A soldier from 1916 was sent to 1535 by a Weeping Angel. The soldiers appearance was witnessed by a crowd and he was burned as a witch. (COMIC: The Weeping Angels of Mons)

Persecution on Earth

File:Witch Hunt (comic story).jpg

During the 17th century in Europe, fear of witchcraft was the pretext for the trial and state-approved murder of many innocents. (TV: Image of the Fendahl) This was the same in the United States. (PROSE: The Witch Hunters)

In Britain, Parliamentary Witch-Prickers investigated potential witches. (AUDIO: The Witch from the Well) These hunters included Matthew Hopkins, the self-styled Witchfinder General. (COMIC: Witch Hunt) Those denounced as witches faced trial. One such ceremony was A Tryal of Witches at the Assizes, held in London in the 17th century. (TV: The Woman Who Lived)

Suspected witches were tied up and had fruit thrown at them. (AUDIO: The Witch from the Well) The Bible instructed not to allow witches to live. (AUDIO: Winter for the Adept) Several Witchcraft Acts were passed by governments prohibiting its practice. Suspects of witchcraft were bound and thrown into a pond. If the suspect sunk and drowned, they were considered innocent. If he or she floated, however, they were found guilty and were executed. One way or another, the suspect would die. (AUDIO: Plague of the Daleks) The ducking stool was a similar method of punishment. (AUDIO: The Devil's Armada) Witches could also be burned at the stake (TV: Invasion of the Dinosaurs) or hanged. (PROSE: The Witch Hunters) In Britain, the last Witchcraft Act was not repealed until 1951. (TV: The Dæmons)

History of witches in Britain

13th century

In March 1215, Turlough found himself locked up as a witch for supposedly conjuring up demons in the court of King John of England. (TV: The King's Demons)

16th century

Ashildr, an immortal human, cured a whole village of scarlet fever. However, they believed she was a witch and attempted to drown her. (TV: The Woman Who Lived)

In London during July 1553, when Mistress Ellen and Queen Jane Grey witnessed Rani Chandra return to her own time via a time window, Ellen believed it witchcraft, but Jane believed Rani to have been an angel. (TV: Lost in Time)

In 1588, Mistress Pincham, the midwife in Sissenden Village, was thought to be a witch and punished. (AUDIO: The Devil's Armada)

Doomfinger

The Carrionites resembled witches. (TV: The Shakespeare Code)

In London, 1599, three Carrionites planned to use William Shakespeare's play, Love's Labour's Won, to free their race and establish a "Millennium of blood". The Carrionites were witch-like creatures who used voodoo and "spells" to kill their victims. (TV: The Shakespeare Code)

17th century

In the 17th century, Agnes Leech was accused of being a witch. Matthew Hopkins came to find Agnes and framed her. Clara Oswald convinced a mob that Hopkins was the witch, not Agnes. (COMIC: Witch Hunt)

20th century

The Third Doctor once encountered a peasant who had been sent to 1970s London by a time eddy. The peasant claimed that a witch cast a spell on him, he was going to tell the priest so he could have her burned. (TV: Invasion of the Dinosaurs)

Martha Tyler lived in Fetchborough, 1977. She was locally painted as a white witch, knew the ancient traditions and possessed second sight because of the Fetch Priory's time fissure. Locals deferred to her and called her Mother Tyler, as an symbolic sign of respect. A genuine coven of malign witches, led by occultist Maximillian Stael, also lived in the area and plotted to resurrect the Fendahl. (TV: Image of the Fendahl)

Olive Hawthorne was a white witch who lived in Devil's End in the 1970s or 1980s. (TV: The Dæmons)

In Moreton Harwood in 1981, Sarah Jane Smith and K9 encountered witches who worshipped Hecate. (TV: A Girl's Best Friend)

Aggie was a white witch who gave Sarah Jane Smith some heather to use as protection against a demonic pig spirit. (PROSE: The Sow in Rut)

21st century

Around the early 21st century, the leader of the Ravens kidnapped Christine and Demi Jenkins and attempted to summon a daemon from the past. (COMIC: Ravens)

Above London in 2006, the Sycorax leader regarded the Doctor as a practitioner of witchcraft when he saw him regrow his hand after his cut it off. The Doctor told the Sycorax that he was a Time Lord. (TV: The Christmas Invasion)

History of witches in the United States

In the early 21st century, neopaganism gained in popularity. Neopaganists ecompassed violent young gangs. One, the Witchkids, spread across the United States. They rejected technology and knowledge and gloried in violence and superstition. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Warhead)

17th century

The Salem witch trials were the trials of supposed witches in Salem Village between 1692 and 1693. In June 1692, Susan Foreman found herself accused of witchcraft in Salem Village. (PROSE: The Witch Hunters) Tituba, Rebecca Nurse, John Proctor and Elizabeth Proctor were all falsely accused of witchcraft by Reverend Samuel Parris and hanged. (PROSE: The Witch Hunters)

20th century

Mathilda, also known as the Witch of Buena Vista, distributed Blue Moonbeams in San Francisco in 1967. (PROSE: Wonderland)

Elsewhere on Earth

Peril Bellamy, a student at the Tremayne Academy, Switzerland, in 1963, was telekinetic. She and her ancestors were often accused of being witches. Miss Tremayne overheard this fact and threatened her with a butcher's knife. (AUDIO: Winter for the Adept)

Cultural depictions

William Shakespeare wrote about witches (TV: The Shakespeare Code), featuring them in his play, Macbeth. (PROSE: The True Tragedie of Macbeth)

Arthur Miller wrote a play entitled The Crucible based on the Salem witch trials. (PROSE: The Witch Hunters)

The Time Lord Marnal wrote The Witch Lords during his time on Earth. (PROSE: The Gallifrey Chronicles)

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe was a book (PROSE: Question Mark Pyjamas) written by C. S. Lewis (COMIC: The Professor, the Queen and the Bookshop)

Harry Potter was a series of books by J.K. Rowling, (TV: The Shakespeare Code) which included Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. (TV: The End of the World) PQ Rowling, a descendant of J.K., later wrote Harry Potter and the Half-Moon Dentist. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Adaptation of Death)

Elsewhere in the universe

Though not precisely a witch, the Seeker on Ribos appeared to serve a similar cultural function. (TV: The Ribos Operation)

On Talderun, a cult of witches led by Jal Dor Kal worshipped Shara's relic. These witches were all killed when the relic was removed and the temple collapsed. (AUDIO: Nekromanteia)

Evil witches from throughout the universe held a gathering on the planet Vargo that was led by the Grand Witch. The Second Doctor posed as a wizard to scare off most of the witches, then dealt with the remaining Grand Witch. (COMIC: The Witches)

Across space, the Travellers of the 26th century, who had originated on Earth, honoured ancient gods and conducted rituals. The Travellers used puterspace as a way to experience mystic realities without drugs. (PROSE: Love and War)

Brimo, a woman from the planet Nefrin long before the formation of the Earth, adopted a witch-like persona. (COMIC: Doctor Who and the Time Witch)

The Carpalian Witch was a spider-like witch whom the Doctor and Donna once met. (PROSE: The Doctor Trap)

References

The Witch and Whirlwind was a pub on Dellah frequented by Bernice Summerfield. (PROSE: Dragons' Wrath) Straggly Witch was the name of a loch in Scotland. (AUDIO: Enemy Aliens)

The Witch of the Well was a name given to the Caliburn Ghast - a ghost haunting Caliburn House. (TV: Hide) The Eleventh Doctor later called through a time fissure to Clara Oswald using this name, who scared Elizabethan soldiers by threatening to turn them all into frogs. (TV: The Day of the Doctor)

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