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TwoMagnifyingGlassInvasion

The Second Doctor looks through a magnifying glass. (TV: The Invasion)

Visual perception, or simply vision, was the capacity for sight, one of the five senses of human beings. (TV: The Evil of the Daleks) Usually, this meant light was processed through one's eyes, by means of the optic nerve. Both form and colour were seen in this way. When one could not see at all, this was referred to as blindness. Eidetic memory, or photographic memory, was the ability to recall what one had seen before. (TV: Invasion of the Bane, The Wheel in Space, Terror of the Vervoids, The Eleventh Hour) Some people, with a night vision ability, could see well in the dark. (PROSE: Halflife, Tragedy Day)

The Eighth Doctor claimed to have excellent night vision, (PROSE: Legacy of the Daleks) as did the Fifth Doctor. (PROSE: Observation) Indeed, Gallifreyan eyes were better at seeing in the dark, and could gather and enhance available light, (PROSE: Lucifer Rising) with incredible detail from a far distance, (TV: The Eleventh Hour, The Hungry Earth) and with a great amount of control. (PROSE: Seeing I)

Amy eyes1

Amy Pond looks where she never wants to look, at the corner of her eye. (TV: The Eleventh Hour)

The Fourth Doctor indicated that he was short-sighted in his right eye, and so sometimes required an eyeglass. (TV: Four to Doomsday) The Ninth Doctor, finding himself squinting to see the TARDIS monitor, discovered that he was made short-sighted as a result of an energy drain via Glubby Glub, and pondered if he needed glasses. (AUDIO: Retail Therapy)

Burning one's eyes, for example with taranium, could lead to such a state of blindness, (TV: "Devil's Planet") as could, in the case of Time Lords, prolonged exposure to the vacuum of space. The Twelfth Doctor himself became blind after walking outside in a vacuum without a helmet for too long. The Doctor's attempts at restoring his sight failed, leaving him unable to see at all. (TV: Oxygen)

Davros Opens His Eyes - The Witch's Familiar - Doctor Who - BBC

Davros Opens His Eyes - The Witch's Familiar - Doctor Who - BBC

Davros opens his eyes, to see the sunrise one last time. (TV: The Witch's Familiar)

Some people, like King Henry VIII, were "practically" blind, in his case due to cataracts, unable to differentiate between light and colour. Even with the rudimentary glasses of the time, the King could only see everything as blurred light. The Third Doctor restored the King's sight with his sonic screwdriver. (PROSE: Hiccup in Time)

Sarah Jane Smith believed that dogs could only see in black and white, and wondered if Time Lords saw things differently, too. (PROSE: Rights) Lupine Wavelength Haemovariform did, in fact, have monochromatic vision. (TV: Tooth and Claw)

Some species were naturally blind. The Cimmerian race was totally blind and had no concept of either sight nor eyes. (AUDIO: Embrace the Darkness) Slithergees were also blind. (AUDIO: Flip-Flop) The Masters of Dorada lost the organs for sight and hearing when they became disembodied brains, but could still sense others' thoughts. (PROSE: The Dream Masters)

Vision aids Edit

ElevenGlassesTATM

The Eleventh Doctor wears a pair of reading glasses. (TV: The Angels Take Manhattan)

Often, technological aids would be used to help a person to see better, or to see anything at all. Glasses, or spectacles, could be used to sharpen one's vision, (PROSE: Hiccup in Time) to see greater into the distance, (TV: The Daleks) or to better be able to read, as with reading glasses. (PROSE: The Power of the Daleks, TV: The Angels Take Manhattan) A magnifying glass, though handheld rather than worn, allowed its user to view a magnified image of an object before them. (TV: The Power of the Daleks, Four to Doomsday, Snakedance)

Some devices had night vision modes, also known as infra-red, allowing users to see in the dark. (PROSE: Decorative Purposes) The Eleventh Doctor had sunglasses which could function as thermal imaging scanners. (TV: The Hungry Earth)

The blind Twelfth Doctor made use of his sonic sunglasses to sort of see the world. As they were psychically linked to him, the Doctor was able to make out basic structures and architecture, and discern vital data about the people around him. (TV: Extremis)

Death to the Daleks! - Into The Dalek - Doctor Who - BBC

Death to the Daleks! - Into The Dalek - Doctor Who - BBC

Through the eye of a Dalek. (TV: Into the Dalek)

Daleks had eyestalks which allowed them to visually perceive the outside world, (TV: The Dalek Invasion of Earth, Destiny of the Daleks, Remembrance of the Daleks, Dalek, Into the Dalek) through the Kaled mutants within did have eyes, as well. (TV: Into the Dalek) Destroying or simply covering this eye piece could blind, and therefore incapacitate, a Dalek, who would then move around uncontrollably and fire its weapons in a blind panic, usually accompanied by the frantic screaming of "My vision is impaired! I cannot see!". (TV: The Daleks, The Daleks' Master Plan, Resurrection of the Daleks, Revelation of the Daleks, Remembrance of the Daleks, The Parting of the Ways) However, post-Time War Daleks overcame this weakness. (TV: The Parting of the Ways, The Stolen Earth)

After Davros lost his vision, he used a blue lens on his forehead to see, similar to a Dalek eyestalk. (TV: Genesis of the Daleks, The Witch's Familiar, et al.) He was also capable of opening his true eyes, at least later in life, though he seldom made use of this ability. (TV: The Witch's Familiar)

Metaphysical vision Edit

Soothsayer pompei

Some soothsayers, having gained psychic powers from the Pyroviles, could communicate visions to others, by means of covering their eyes. (TV: The Fires of Pompeii)

Some people, like Gwyneth in 19th century Cardiff, had psychic abilities which allowed them far greater levels of perception. Gwyneth's mother believed that her daughter had "the sight"; in reality, Gwyneth did have such abilities, as she was born on top of the Cardiff Rift, and was a major key to it. As a result, she was able to see, with great detail, Rose Tyler's London of the 21st century, complete with "metal birds and metal boxes". (TV: The Unquiet Dead)

Many in Pompeii, as the city reached its end, developed precognition due to the Pyrovile's involvement with Vesuvius, and a rift which opened up around the impending volcano. These prophets included the Sibylline Sisterhood and the Cult of Vulcan. They were able to predict crops with astounding accuracy, and both Evelina and Lucius Petrus Dextrus were able to ascertain essential information about the Tenth Doctor and Donna Noble, including the Doctor's species and planet of origin. (TV: The Fires of Pompeii)

Premonition of death - Doctor Who - The Deadly Assassin - BBC

Premonition of death - Doctor Who - The Deadly Assassin - BBC

The Fourth Doctor experiences a premonition. (TV: The Deadly Assassin)

While those like Engin maintained that "precognitive vision is impossible", (TV: The Deadly Assassin) many experienced just that, with a variety of causes, often malevolent, or seeking to tempt. (TV: End of Days, The Deadly Assassin)

Bilis Manger induced visions in many members of Torchwood Three, that felt "so real", complete with smells, sounds and actual touch sensations. Gwen Cooper saw her boyfriend Rhys Williams dead, with her hands soaked in his blood, and this came true, by Bilis' hand. Owen Harper was tempted by a vision of Diane Holmes, a love interest of his who had flown off into the Cardiff Rift. They were effectively manipulated into opening up the Rift, thus freeing Abaddon from his confinement. (TV: End of Days)

A quantum transducer allowed one not just to visually perceive scenes from the past, but actually experience the emotions of those around them, during those visions. It also allowed for a view into the future, or one possible future, anyway. (TV: Ghost Machine)

Tlotoxl "had a vision", "of a room with three walls." In placing the "false Yetaxa" — Barbara Wright — in there, and adding a fourth wall, order would be restored. (TV: The Aztecs)

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