The Stuarts were a royal family who ruled Scotland by the 15th century. They also ruled England in the 17th and early 18th centuries, succeeding the Tudor dynasty.

Mary, Queen of Scots, was a Stuart queen. (PROSE: Verdigris) She was a Catholic martyr (TV: The Coach with the Dragon Tattoo) and was executed, an event witnessed by Iris Wildthyme. (PROSE: The Scarlet Empress)

James VI of Scotland was a Stuart. He became known as James I in England after he succeeded Queen Elizabeth I, the last ruler of the Tudor dynasty. He continued promoting her Protestant religion. In 1605, the Gunpowder Plot was an attempt to kill James and his sons Charles and Henry, and install his daughter, Princess Elizabeth, as a Catholic monarch. (GAME: The Gunpowder Plot)

Charles I succeeded James I and IV in 1625. For eleven years he ruled without regard to Parliament, which led to the English Civil War. He was ultimately executed and the monarchy was abolished, replaced by Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector. His son Richard Cromwell was Lord Protector after him, but in 1660 he was replaced and Parliament invited Charles II to become king, restoring the monarchy and the Stuart dynasty. (PROSE: The Roundheads)

The Great Fire of London occurred during Charles II's reign, an event which the Protestant monarch blamed the Catholics for. In 1685 Charles II died and his brother James II and VII became king. However in 1688 the Catholic king was overthrown by his daughter Mary II and her husband William of Orange. (AUDIO: The Glorious Revolution)

At some point, the Stuart dynasty's rule ended. Charles Edward Stuart, better known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, attempted to regain the English and Scottish thrones for the dynasty in the Jacobite Rising of 1745, a rebellion against King George II of Great Britain. The rebellion failed when the Jacobites lost at the Battle of Culloden on 16 April 1746. (TV: The Highlanders)

Jamie McCrimmon accidentally created an alternate timeline where the Glorious Revolution failed and James II was never deposed. Consequently, Bonnie Prince Charlie was still ruling as Charles III in 1788 with the Stuarts still on the throne. (AUDIO: The Glorious Revolution)

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