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{{ImageLink|Silurian and Sea Devil}}
 
{{Infobox Species
 
{{Infobox Species
|image = Wenley and Wales.jpg
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|image = Silurians (The Lost Dimension).jpg
|type = Reptilian humanoid
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|type = Reptilian humanoid
|aka= {{il|[[Earth Reptile]]|Psionosauropoda-morphae|''Homo reptilia''|Eocene|Lizard Men|''Reptilia sapiens''}}
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|aka = {{il|[[Earth Reptile]]|Psionosauropoda-morphae|''Homo reptilia''|Eocene|Lizard Men|''Reptilia sapiens''}}
|affiliation = [[Sea Devil]]s, [[The Alliance (The Pandorica Opens)|The Alliance]], [[Myrka]]
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|affiliation = [[Sea Devil]]s, [[The Alliance (The Pandorica Opens)|the Alliance]], [[Myrka]]
|origin = [[Earth]]
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|origin = [[Earth]]
|first = Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)
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|first = Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)
 
|appearances = [[Silurians - list of appearances|'''''see list''''']]
 
|appearances = [[Silurians - list of appearances|'''''see list''''']]
|individuals= {{il|[[Okdel L'da]]|[[Morka]]|[[Tulok]]|[[Icthar]]|[[Alaya]]|[[Restac]]|[[Malohkeh]]|[[Eldane]]|[[Vastra|Madame Vastra]]}}
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|individuals = {{il|[[Vastra|Madame Vastra]]|[[Okdel L'da]]|[[Morka]]|[[Bokka K'to]]|[[Tulok]]|[[Icthar]]|[[Alaya]]|[[Restac]]|[[Malohkeh]]|[[Eldane]]}}
|clip = A Home for the Silurians - Doctor Who - The Silurians - BBC
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|clip = A Home for the Silurians - Doctor Who - The Silurians - BBC
|clip2 = The Silurians and the final solution - Doctor Who - Warriors of the deep - BBC
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|clip2 = The Silurians and the final solution - Doctor Who - Warriors of the deep - BBC
|clip3 = Who Are The Silurians? - TARDIS Index Files - Doctor Who
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|clip3 = Who Are The Silurians? - TARDIS Index Files - Doctor Who
|bts = The History of The Silurians - Doctor Who - BBC
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|bts = The History of The Silurians - Doctor Who - BBC
 
}}
 
}}
The '''Silurians''', also known as '''[[Earth Reptile]]s''', '''Eocenes''', '''Psionosauropodomorpha''', '''Homo Reptilicus''', '''''Homo reptilia''''' and '''''Reptilia sapiens''''', were a species native to [[Earth]] that pre-dated [[human]]ity. Technologically advanced, they lived alongside their aquatic cousins, the [[Sea Devil]]s. Unlike other species, Silurians showed an important intraspecific variation, with vast differentiation between breeds, such as the number of [[eye]]s, the formation of their pupils and the colour of their [[skin]].
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The '''Silurians''', also known as '''[[Earth Reptile]]s''', '''Eocenes''', '''Psionosauropodomorpha''', '''Homo Reptilicus''', '''''Homo reptilia''''' and '''''Reptilia sapiens''''', were a species native to [[Earth]] that pre-dated [[human]]ity. Technologically advanced, they lived alongside their aquatic cousins, the [[Sea Devil]]s. Unlike other species, Silurians showed an important intraspecific variation, with vast differentiation between breeds, such as the number of [[eye]]s, the formation of their [[pupil]]s and the [[colour]] of their [[skin]].
   
 
== Biology ==
 
== Biology ==
 
=== Physical appearance ===
 
=== Physical appearance ===
The Silurians were an extremely varied species, with different subspecies and appearances; there were at least ten or eleven Silurian variations. Whilst many of them appeared similar, there were subtle differences which were attributed to caste. There were also clans or families with differentiated physical characteristics, some suited for environments of extreme cold or high plateaus. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'') In general, they were [[humanoid]] reptilians with scaly crests on their head.
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The Silurians were an extremely varied species, with different [[subspecies]] and appearances; there were at least ten or eleven Silurian variations. Whilst many of them appeared similar, there were subtle differences which were attributed to caste. There were also [[clan]]s or [[families]] with differentiated physical characteristics, some suited for environments of extreme cold or high plateaus. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') In general, they were [[humanoid]] [[reptile|reptilians]] with scaly crests on their [[head]].
   
* One group of Silurians was found at [[Wenley Moor]]; these had long [[finger]]s and three webbed [[toe]]s on each [[foot]], and their [[mouth]]s were small and sucker-like. The most noticeable feature of these Silurians were their three [[eye]]s. Their main eyes were bright [[yellow]] with [[cat]]-like pupils, while their third eye was [[red]] and high on the forehead, surrounded by a fluted [[bone]] structure. They also had rectangular external [[ear]]s. They were active creatures who spoke quickly in deep voices. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]''). A tribe fitting this description also lived under the [[Galápagos Islands]]. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'') The cadaver of another such Silurian was identified by [[Vastra]] as being of the "Scholar" caste. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')
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One group of Silurians was found at [[Wenley Moor]]; these had long [[finger]]s and three webbed [[toe]]s on each [[foot]], and their [[mouth]]s were small and sucker-like. The most noticeable feature of these Silurians were their three [[eye]]s. Their main eyes were bright [[yellow]] with [[cat]]-like [[pupil]]s, while their third eye was [[red]] and high on the [[forehead]], surrounded by a fluted [[bone]] structure. They also had rectangular external [[ear]]s. They were active creatures who spoke quickly in deep [[voice]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]''). A tribe fitting this description also lived under the [[Galápagos Islands]]. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'') The cadaver of another such Silurian was identified by [[Vastra]] as being of the "Scholar" caste. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')
* Another group was found at [[Sea Base 4]]. They looked similar to those of Wenley Moor, but had stockier builds, brown [[skin]], suckers on the tips of their fingers, smaller mouths, ornate, curving spikes around their heads and the third eye on top. The third eye would glow along with their speech, but was not used in attack. They were also slower and spoke in a higher-pitched voice. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep]]'') Identical Silurians were seen elsewhere as part of the aforementioned Scholar caste. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')
 
* A third tribe, found in [[Wales]], was radically different in appearance. They had only two eyes, more human [[face]]s, no external ears, five digits on each [[hand]] and crests on their heads and down their [[neck]]. They had long [[tongue]]s which they could flick to inject a venom, which was [[mutation|mutagenic]] to [[human]]s. They moved and spoke much like humans. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]''/''[[Cold Blood]]'') This tribe also appeared to have extended into the [[London]] area as well, with the colony [[Vastra|Madame Vastra]] belonged to having been uncovered during an expansion to the [[London Underground]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Good Man Goes to War (TV story)|A Good Man Goes to War]]'', [[TV]]: ''[[Vastra Investigates]]'') Vastra was identified by her Scholar brethren as "Warrior". ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')
 
   
There were also distantly related to the [[Sea Devil]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Sea Devils]]'') They were genetically divergent enough to create problems for the offspring of matings with Silurians. Offspring suffered from biological problems including sterility and a shorter lifespan, due to cellular degeneration. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'')
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Another group was found at [[Sea Base 4]]. They looked similar to those of Wenley Moor, but had stockier builds, brown [[skin]], suckers on the tips of their fingers, smaller mouths, ornate, curving spikes around their heads and the third eye on top. The third eye would glow along with their speech, but was not used in attack. They were also slower and spoke in a higher-pitched voice. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'') Identical Silurians were seen elsewhere as part of the aforementioned Scholar caste. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')
   
Some Silurians become darker green when blushing. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'')
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[[Horlak]], a leader of a tribe of scholars which included Silurians matching the aforementioned groups, appeared much like them but was distinct in that his cranial ridges were further pronounced. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')
   
In at least one alternate reality, there was a [[Melanie Baal|human-Silurian hybrid]]. This demonstrated that mating between the two was possible. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Spiral Scratch]]'')
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A tribe seen on prehistoric Earth were distinguished in that they had only two eyes, no external ears, five digits on each [[hand]], crests on their heads and down their [[neck]], and faces with bulging [[black]] eyes and [[beak]]-like mouths. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]'') A further subspecies, found in [[Wales]], were more radically different with more human-shaped [[face]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]''/''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'') Of this subspecies, [[Silurian Hunter]]s wore [[mask]]s resembling the faces of their beaked counterparts. ([[GAME]]: ''[[The Mazes of Time (video game)|The Mazes of Time]]'') They had long [[tongue]]s which they could flick to inject a [[venom]], which was [[mutation|mutagenic]] to [[human]]s. They moved and spoke much like humans. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]''/''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'') This tribe also appeared to have extended into the [[London]] area as well, with the colony [[Vastra|Madame Vastra]] belonged to having been uncovered during an expansion to the [[London Underground]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Good Man Goes to War (TV story)|A Good Man Goes to War]]'', [[TV]]: ''[[Vastra Investigates]]'') Vastra was identified by her Scholar brethren as "Warrior". ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'') These Silurians would become darker [[green]] when blushing. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'')
  +
  +
The Silurians were also distantly related to the [[Sea Devil]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Sea Devils (TV story)|The Sea Devils]]'') They were genetically divergent enough to create problems for the [[offspring]] of matings with Silurians. Offspring suffered from biological problems including [[sterility]] and a shorter [[lifespan]], due to [[cellular degeneration]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
  +
  +
In at least one alternate reality, there was a [[Melanie Baal|human-Silurian hybrid]]. This demonstrated that mating between the two was possible. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Spiral Scratch (novel)|Spiral Scratch]]'')
   
 
=== Anatomy ===
 
=== Anatomy ===
[[File:Scalesofinjusticesilurian.jpg|thumb|left|A Silurian/Sea Devil hybrid ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'')]]
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[[File:Scalesofinjusticesilurian.jpg|thumb|left|A Silurian/Sea Devil hybrid ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')]]
Silurians were cold blooded and could only survive at warmer temperatures. They were sluggish and slow when cold. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'', [[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'')
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Silurians were cold blooded and could only survive at warmer [[temperature]]s. They were sluggish and slow when cold. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'', [[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'')
   
Silurians had a hunter's anatomy, with powerful muscles and hollow bones. Though they were taller than [[human]]s, they were also lighter and faster. According to one account, Silurians were incapable of crying, ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'') although another account showed Silurians did indeed cry. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') The typical [[lifespan]] of a Silurian was 200 to 250 years, ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'') though some lived up to 300 years. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood]]'')
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Silurians had a hunter's anatomy, with powerful [[muscle]]s and hollow [[bone]]s. Though they were taller than [[human]]s, they were also lighter and faster. According to one account, Silurians were incapable of crying, ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') although another account showed Silurians did indeed cry. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') The typical [[lifespan]] of a Silurian was 200 to 250 [[year]]s, ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') though some lived up to 300 years. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'')
   
Silurians had an organ analogous to the human [[pituitary gland]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Burning Heart]]'') They had a greater [[lung]] capacity than a human. ([[TV]]: ''[[Deep Breath]]'') [[Nanjura fruit]]s were toxic for them, but not lethal. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]'')
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Silurians had an [[Organ (anatomy)|organ]] analogous to the human [[pituitary gland]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Burning Heart (novel)|Burning Heart]]'') They had a greater [[lung]] capacity than a human. ([[TV]]: ''[[Deep Breath (TV story)|Deep Breath]]'') [[Nanjura fruit]]s were toxic for them, but not lethal. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]'') Silurians possessed venom sacs in their mouths, with which they could release venom through their tongues. The venom was toxic and [[Death|deadly]] even to [[Gallifreyan]]s, but because the sacs of [[Child|juvenile]] Silurians were not fully developed, it was possible to survive an attack by one of the species' young without permanent damage. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Silurian Gift (novel)|The Silurian Gift]]'')
   
 
The reptilian Silurians hatched from [[egg]]s. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'')
 
The reptilian Silurians hatched from [[egg]]s. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'')
   
 
==== Third eye ====
 
==== Third eye ====
[[File:Siluriansp80.jpg|thumb|right|A Silurian using his third eye. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'')]]
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[[File:Siluriansp80.jpg|thumb|right|A Silurian using his third [[eye]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'')]]
Silurians of the "scholar caste" possessed a third eye on the forehead. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'') The three eyes provided them with a triple-faceted form of vision. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'')
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Silurians of the "scholar caste" possessed a third [[eye]] on the [[forehead]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'') The three eyes provided them with a triple-faceted form of [[vision]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'')
   
The third eye also allowed them to use a variety of [[telepathy|telepathic]] powers. The Silurians used their third eyes to communicate with other Silurians in a process known as "linking". The third eye would glow along with their emotions, becoming brighter when they were angry. They could sense the presence of other Silurians, even at great distances. Silurians could control the minds of other creatures. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'') They could [[Hypnosis|hypnotise]] and coerce humans through a link to a primal part of a subject's mind, though stronger wills could resist this control. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'')
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The third eye also allowed them to use a variety of [[telepathy|telepathic]] powers. The Silurians used their third eyes to [[communication|communicate]] with other Silurians in a process known as "linking". The third eye would glow along with their [[emotion]]s, becoming brighter when they were [[anger|angry]]. They could sense the presence of other Silurians, even at great distances. Silurians could control the [[mind]]s of other creatures. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') They could [[Hypnosis|hypnotise]] and coerce [[human]]s through a link to a primal part of a subject's mind, though stronger wills could resist this control. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'')
   
The third eye was capable of harming organic beings, killing them or leaving them unconscious. Alternatively, they could revive a human that they had rendered unconscious with the third eye. Energies emanating from it allowed them to burn through walls and create tunnels. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', [[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'') According to one account, the offensive capabilities of the third eye was a beam of burning [[radiation]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'')
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The third eye was capable of harming organic beings, killing them or leaving them unconscious. Alternatively, they could revive a human that they had rendered unconscious with the third eye. Energies emanating from it allowed them to burn through [[wall]]s and create [[tunnel]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', [[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') According to one account, the offensive capabilities of the third eye was a beam of burning [[radiation]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'')
   
The Silurians also employed their third eye in less destructive tasks, such as activating their technology, opening passageways or creating forcefields to trap prisoners. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'')
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The Silurians also employed their third eye in less destructive tasks, such as activating their technology, opening passageways or creating [[force field]]s to trap prisoners. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'')
   
Not all Silurians had these third eyes, ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'') primarily the ones belonging to the "warrior caste". ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'') [[Jastrok]] bitterly implied that these Silurians once had working third eyes but they had lost it over time. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Call to Arms (audio story)|Call to Arms]]'')
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Not all Silurians had these third eyes, ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'') primarily the ones belonging to the "warrior caste". ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'') [[Jastrok]] bitterly implied that these Silurians once had working third eyes but they had lost it over time. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Call to Arms (audio story)|Call to Arms]]'') However, the [[Dacha]] was one Silurian who possessed a third eye despite his resemblence to the warrior caste. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')
   
 
==== Cyber-conversion ====
 
==== Cyber-conversion ====
 
{{Section stub|This section needs more information from ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]''}}
 
{{Section stub|This section needs more information from ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]''}}
[[File:Cyber-converted Silurians.jpg|thumb|[[Cyber-Silurian]]s on [[Prehistoric Zone|prehistoric]] [[Earth]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]'')]]
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[[File:Cyber-converted Silurians.jpg|thumb|left|[[Cyber-Silurian]]s on [[Prehistoric Zone|prehistoric]] [[Earth]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]'')]]
 
On the prehistoric Earth, some Silurians were upgraded with [[Cyberman|cyber]]-technology, becoming [[Cyber-Silurian]]s. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]'')
 
On the prehistoric Earth, some Silurians were upgraded with [[Cyberman|cyber]]-technology, becoming [[Cyber-Silurian]]s. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Supremacy of the Cybermen (comic story)|Supremacy of the Cybermen]]'')
   
 
== Culture ==
 
== Culture ==
The Silurians were generally a peaceful race. Their highest laws forbade outright warfare except for defence. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep]]'') There was also great importance placed on the species' pure eugenics, which was believed to be their most important principle and most sacrosanct belief. Breeding between a Silurian and a Sea Devil was considered a crime punishable by death. The eggs of such a union were usually crushed and the parents executed. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'')
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[[File:Lost Dimension Silurians.jpg|thumb|Silurians had great variance in appearance between Caste. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Lost Dimension (comic story)|The Lost Dimension]]'')]]
  +
The Silurians were generally a peaceful race. Their highest laws forbade outright warfare except for defence. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'') There was also great importance placed on the species' pure eugenics, which was believed to be their most important principle and most sacrosanct belief. Breeding between a Silurian and a Sea Devil was considered a crime punishable by death. The eggs of such a union were usually crushed and the parents executed. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
The Silurians were led by a [[Triad]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'', [[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') According to one account, the Triad were made up of the main leader, the "Second" and a Science Adviser. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') The majority of Silurian warriors appeared to be female, just as the females were the more aggressive in some species of lower reptile. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood]]'', ''[[A Good Man Goes to War]]'')
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The Silurians were led by a [[Triad]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'', [[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') According to one account, the Triad were made up of the main leader, the "Second" and a Science Adviser. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') The majority of Silurian warriors appeared to be female, just as the females were the more aggressive in some species of lower reptile. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'', ''[[A Good Man Goes to War (TV story)|A Good Man Goes to War]]'')
   
Silurians communicated by [[telepathy|telepathically]] linking through their third eyes, as well as by body language. Though they could use words, they generally only used speech for effect, when talking to children or to species without telepathic linking abilities. Silurians had little in the way of literature, since their mind linking abilities were a more effective method of transferring ideas. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'')
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Silurians communicated by [[telepathy|telepathically]] linking through their third eyes, as well as by body language. Though they could use words, they generally only used speech for effect, when talking to children or to species without telepathic linking abilities. Silurians had little in the way of literature, since their mind linking abilities were a more effective method of transferring ideas. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'')
   
A Silurian of advanced age would festoon the third eye with [[pearl]]s as a form of decoration. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'') Some Silurians kept early hominids as pets. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') Whilst in the future, some used the term ''Earth Reptiles'', others called themselves Silurians, insisting those that accepted the name of Earth Reptiles were pathetic assimilationists. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Burning Heart]]'') Around the [[1970s]], however, some Silurians, who wanted humanity to be wiped out, used the term Earth Reptiles to describe themselves by. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
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A Silurian of advanced age would festoon the third eye with [[pearl]]s as a form of decoration. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') Some Silurians kept early hominids as pets. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') Whilst in the future, some used the term ''Earth Reptiles'', others called themselves Silurians, insisting those that accepted the name of Earth Reptiles were pathetic assimilationists. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Burning Heart (novel)|Burning Heart]]'') Around the [[1970s]], however, some Silurians, who wanted humanity to be wiped out, used the term Earth Reptiles to describe themselves by. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
They worshipped a [[Lizard God]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Crystal Bucephalus (novel)|The Crystal Bucephalus]]'') Their myths included [[Urmungstandra]], a devil god ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Taking of Planet 5]]'') and the [[Great Old One]]s, including in their ranks [[Azathoth]], a deity revered by the Silurians long before the rise of humanity. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[All-Consuming Fire (novel)|All-Consuming Fire]]'') They wrote the [[Necronomicon]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[White Darkness]]'') Madame [[Vastra]] swore by a Goddess. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'', ''[[Deep Breath]]'')
+
They worshipped a [[Lizard God]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Crystal Bucephalus (novel)|The Crystal Bucephalus]]'') Their myths included [[Urmungstandra]], a devil god ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Taking of Planet 5 (novel)|The Taking of Planet 5]]'') and the [[Great Old One]]s, including in their ranks [[Azathoth]], a deity revered by the Silurians long before the rise of humanity. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[All-Consuming Fire (novel)|All-Consuming Fire]]'') They wrote the [[Necronomicon]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[White Darkness (novel)|White Darkness]]'') Madame [[Vastra]] swore by a Goddess. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'', ''[[Deep Breath (TV story)|Deep Breath]]'')
   
 
The [[Third Doctor]] mentioned that along with literature, the Silurians had art, sport and games—a complete civilisation. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
 
The [[Third Doctor]] mentioned that along with literature, the Silurians had art, sport and games—a complete civilisation. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
Line 75: Line 75:
   
 
Humans had an instinctive fear of Silurians, known as the [[race memory malaise]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'')
 
Humans had an instinctive fear of Silurians, known as the [[race memory malaise]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'')
  +
  +
=== Other ===
  +
The Silurians were one of the species that the [[Skithra]] stole technology from. ([[TV]]: [[Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror (TV story)|''Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror'']])
   
 
== Technology ==
 
== Technology ==
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=== Genetic modification ===
 
=== Genetic modification ===
The Silurians had advanced genetic capabilities. They brought species back from extinction, including many [[dinosaur]]s. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'') They could modify species, as they did with the [[Myrka]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep]]'') They created a [[Silurian virus|genetically engineered plague]], which they once used against early humans who invaded their crop settlements. This disease was highly virulent and was used as a form of "pest control". ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') Despite this, they had problems with Silurian/[[Sea Devil]] hybrids' deficiencies. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'') They also altered primitive apes to make them breed more often and to improve their flavour when eaten; using these techniques, they ultimately ended up creating the ancestors of humanity. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'')
+
The Silurians had advanced genetic capabilities. They brought species back from extinction, including many [[dinosaur]]s. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') They could modify species, as they did with the [[Myrka]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'') They created a [[Silurian virus|genetically engineered plague]], which they once used against early humans who invaded their crop settlements. This disease was highly virulent and was used as a form of "pest control". ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') Despite this, they had problems with Silurian/[[Sea Devil]] hybrids' deficiencies. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') They also altered primitive apes to make them breed more often and to improve their flavour when eaten; using these techniques, they ultimately ended up creating the ancestors of humanity. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'')
   
The Silurians processed their own food and didn't rely on harvesting animals or plants ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'') except in times of famine. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'') The Silurians could bio-program soil, causing it to react to certain events and respond, generally by dragging people underground. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'')
+
The Silurians processed their own food and didn't rely on harvesting animals or plants ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') except in times of famine. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') The Silurians could bio-program soil, causing it to react to certain events and respond, generally by dragging people underground. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'')
   
 
=== Medicine ===
 
=== Medicine ===
They were capable of advanced decontamination, removing diseases and poisons from the body. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood]]'')
+
They were capable of advanced decontamination, removing diseases and poisons from the body. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'')
   
 
=== Weaponry ===
 
=== Weaponry ===
Silurians generally relied on their third eye for defensive purposes, using technology to enhance their power. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'')
+
Silurians generally relied on their third eye for defensive purposes, using technology to enhance their power. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') They used [[Silurian battlecruiser]]s, which were organic in structure, for transportation and offensive purposes. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'')
They used [[Silurian battlecruiser]]s, which were organic in structure, for transportation and offensive purposes. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep]]'')
 
   
The Silurians found in [[Wales]] used guns reminiscent of Sea Devil guns which could fire fatal energy beams. They also wore armour and used special [[mask]]s that covered their faces and allowed them to scan objects. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'' / ''[[Cold Blood]]'')
+
The Silurians found in [[Wales]] used guns reminiscent of Sea Devil guns which could fire fatal energy beams. They also wore armour and used special [[mask]]s that covered their faces and allowed them to scan objects. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'' / ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'')
  +
  +
Another type of weapon used was the [[Silurian blaster]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror (TV story)|Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror]]'')
   
 
=== Miscellaneous technology ===
 
=== Miscellaneous technology ===
Silurians had cryogenic technology which they used to preserve their civilisation when they believed the Earth was in danger. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') These had alarms for when the colony was threatened. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]''/''[[Cold Blood]]'')
+
Silurians had cryogenic technology which they used to preserve their civilisation when they believed the Earth was in danger. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') These had alarms for when the colony was threatened. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]''/''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'')
   
They could use [[gravity bubble]]s to travel to and from the surface. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]''/''[[Cold Blood]]'') They also had mechanical airships, which [[Bernice Summerfield|Bernice]] used and found to be of high quality. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[St Anthony's Fire (novel)|St Anthony's Fire]]'') They had some [[hologram|holographic technology]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'')
+
They could use [[gravity bubble]]s to travel to and from the surface. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]''/''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'') They also had mechanical airships, which [[Bernice Summerfield|Bernice]] used and found to be of high quality. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[St Anthony's Fire (novel)|St Anthony's Fire]]'') They had some [[hologram|holographic technology]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
They could modify the atmosphere, increasing the temperature in certain areas. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'') They had the ability to disperse the [[Van Allen belt]] using a [[molecular disperser]], which would have left Earth defenceless against cosmic radiation in an attempt to exterminate humanity. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'')
+
They could modify the atmosphere, increasing the temperature in certain areas. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'') They had the ability to disperse the [[Van Allen belt]] using a [[molecular disperser]], which would have left Earth defenceless against cosmic radiation in an attempt to exterminate humanity. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'')
   
Silurians could create [[force field]]s to trap an entire village, controlling the amount of light that got in (effectively making it night). ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'') They also had [[wrist device]]s, ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'') and flew in [[aeroplane]]s ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'', ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') and sophisticated [[spaceship]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'') Silurians also travelled in [[car]]s, [[ship]]s and [[submarine]]s. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
+
Silurians could create [[force field]]s to trap an entire village, controlling the amount of light that got in (effectively making it night). ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'') They also had [[wrist device]]s, ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'') and flew in [[aeroplane]]s ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'', ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') and sophisticated [[spaceship]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'') Silurians also travelled in [[car]]s, [[ship]]s and [[submarine]]s. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
They invented candles which could induce [[lucid dream]]s, allowing people to communicate across time and space. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'') They used [[sonic lantern]]s to corral [[dinosaur]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Deep Breath]]'')
+
They invented candles which could induce [[lucid dream]]s, allowing people to communicate across time and space. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'') They used [[sonic lantern]]s to corral [[dinosaur]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Deep Breath (TV story)|Deep Breath]]'')
   
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
 
=== Dominance ===
 
=== Dominance ===
 
[[File:The Evolution Episode Vastra ancestor.jpg|thumb|left|A primitive ancestor of the Silurians. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Evolution Episode (short story)|The Evolution Episode]]'')]]
 
[[File:The Evolution Episode Vastra ancestor.jpg|thumb|left|A primitive ancestor of the Silurians. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Evolution Episode (short story)|The Evolution Episode]]'')]]
The Silurians were the original masters of [[Earth]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') Both the Silurians and Sea Devils were led by the [[Triad]], their "custodians". ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep]]'') In the early era of their rule, there were many stories of the rise of their civilisation. One noted legendary [[warrior]] chieftain was [[Masz K'll]] of the [[Third Dynasty]], who fought against his [[evil]] alter-ego, the legendary Two-Faced Lizard. Another figure was [[Panun E'Ni]], who was the leader of the [[Southern Clan]] and conquered much of the world, which he ruled cruelly for a brief period until his defeat at the hands of [[Tun W'lzz]]. Following that event, the previously imprisoned and cast out tribes came together in a new, more unified civilisation that ate their foes. Whether these were folk stories or historical facts was of no importance to them, as they inspired the Earth Reptiles for a millennium, with many of these writings left within their [[Hall of Heroes]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'')
+
The Silurians were the original masters of [[Earth]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') Both the Silurians and Sea Devils were led by the [[Triad]], their "custodians". ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'') In the early era of their rule, there were many stories of the rise of their civilisation. One noted legendary [[warrior]] chieftain was [[Masz K'll]] of the [[Third Dynasty]], who fought against his [[evil]] alter-ego, the legendary Two-Faced Lizard. Another figure was [[Panun E'Ni]], who was the leader of the [[Southern Clan]] and conquered much of the world, which he ruled cruelly for a brief period until his defeat at the hands of [[Tun W'lzz]]. Following that event, the previously imprisoned and cast out tribes came together in a new, more unified civilisation that ate their foes. Whether these were folk stories or historical facts was of no importance to them, as they inspired the Earth Reptiles for a millennium, with many of these writings left within their [[Hall of Heroes]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
In this era, the Silurians co-existed in groups of clans that lived alongside the original ape primitives that were developing on their planet. As a lesser species, these hominids became the primary livestock of the Silurians. In order to improve their flavour, a Silurian scientist by the name of [[Tulok]] began to genetically engineer the apes. This led to a faster breeding cycle as well as intelligence, creating early ''[[human|Homo sapiens]]''. For his genetic crimes, the Silurians banished Tulok and his creations to die in the coming cataclysm. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'') These primitive, ape-like men began to hunt in packs and attacked the Silurians. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'') They also began to prey on the crops of the Silurians, leading the Earth Reptiles to use [[Silurian virus|plagues]] to exterminate them. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') The Silurians were also afflicted by the plagues of the [[red leech]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Crimson Horror (TV story)|The Crimson Horror]]'')
+
In this era, the Silurians co-existed in groups of clans that lived alongside the original ape primitives that were developing on their planet. As a lesser species, these hominids became the primary livestock of the Silurians. In order to improve their flavour, a Silurian scientist by the name of [[Tulok]] began to genetically engineer the apes. This led to a faster breeding cycle as well as intelligence, creating early ''[[human|Homo sapiens]]''. For his genetic crimes, the Silurians banished Tulok and his creations to die in the coming cataclysm. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'') These primitive, ape-like men began to hunt in packs and attacked the Silurians. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'') They also began to prey on the crops of the Silurians, leading the Earth Reptiles to use [[Silurian virus|plagues]] to exterminate them. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') The Silurians were also afflicted by the plagues of the [[red leech]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Crimson Horror (TV story)|The Crimson Horror]]'')
   
 
At the height of their civilisation, the Silurians lived in cities of metal, and had uncontested dominion over the planet. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'') They had as many political factions as mankind would have. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Call to Arms (audio story)|Call to Arms]]'')
 
At the height of their civilisation, the Silurians lived in cities of metal, and had uncontested dominion over the planet. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'') They had as many political factions as mankind would have. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Call to Arms (audio story)|Call to Arms]]'')
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One group of Silurians decided to leave Earth in order to escape the disaster. Boarding the [[Silurian Ark]], a spaceship carrying Silurians and several species of [[dinosaur]], they placed themselves in suspended animation, with the ship programmed to bring them back to Earth long after the effects of the upcoming disaster had dissipated. ([[TV]]: ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'')
 
One group of Silurians decided to leave Earth in order to escape the disaster. Boarding the [[Silurian Ark]], a spaceship carrying Silurians and several species of [[dinosaur]], they placed themselves in suspended animation, with the ship programmed to bring them back to Earth long after the effects of the upcoming disaster had dissipated. ([[TV]]: ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'')
   
The Silurians were divided on the matter of a mating between the land castes and aquatic castes. Normally, such matings were forbidden, and any offspring were killed along with their parents. However, facing the threat of a global cataclysm, they allowed a colony of such hybrids to remain in their [[Shelter]] under the island of [[L'Ithe]]. With the rest of the Silurian race, they took part in the great hibernation. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'')
+
The Silurians were divided on the matter of a mating between the land castes and aquatic castes. Normally, such matings were forbidden, and any offspring were killed along with their parents. However, facing the threat of a global cataclysm, they allowed a colony of such hybrids to remain in their [[Shelter]] under the island of [[L'Ithe]]. With the rest of the Silurian race, they took part in the great hibernation. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
 
The Silurians sealed themselves in their underground [[hibernation unit]]s, ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') along with a male and female of all the more useful reptile animals, ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') and planned to suspend their lives until the atmosphere returned, ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', [[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'') by using a device on the ground above each shelter containing the hibernation units which would automatically trigger a massive amount of electricity to wake the Silurians once the atmosphere returned to normal. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') However, they were unaware the dangerous planetoid that they predicted would draw away the atmosphere was instead drawn into Earth's orbit and became [[the Moon]]. As a result, the Silurians were never revived, as the atmosphere was not drawn away for it to return to the planet. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') Although the atmosphere was never completely drawn off and the creatures on the surface did not suffocate, many [[mammal]]ian life forms perished, while others survived, due to the great forces caused by the Moon's appearance creating cyclones and tidal waves. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') During millions of years of hibernation, the reactivation machinery of the hibernation units deteriorated. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Sea Devils (TV story)|The Sea Devils]]'')
 
The Silurians sealed themselves in their underground [[hibernation unit]]s, ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') along with a male and female of all the more useful reptile animals, ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') and planned to suspend their lives until the atmosphere returned, ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', [[COMIC]]: ''[[Twilight of the Silurians (comic story)|Twilight of the Silurians]]'') by using a device on the ground above each shelter containing the hibernation units which would automatically trigger a massive amount of electricity to wake the Silurians once the atmosphere returned to normal. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') However, they were unaware the dangerous planetoid that they predicted would draw away the atmosphere was instead drawn into Earth's orbit and became [[the Moon]]. As a result, the Silurians were never revived, as the atmosphere was not drawn away for it to return to the planet. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') Although the atmosphere was never completely drawn off and the creatures on the surface did not suffocate, many [[mammal]]ian life forms perished, while others survived, due to the great forces caused by the Moon's appearance creating cyclones and tidal waves. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'') During millions of years of hibernation, the reactivation machinery of the hibernation units deteriorated. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Sea Devils (TV story)|The Sea Devils]]'')
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=== Awakenings ===
 
=== Awakenings ===
Over the millions of years since their rule, many of the Silurians' prominent structures such as the Hall of Heroes were lost to erosion and plate movement which erased any traces of their ancient civilisation. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'') After millions of years, some of the Silurian [[hibernation unit]]s were activated and opened.
+
Over the millions of years since their rule, many of the Silurians' prominent structures such as the Hall of Heroes were lost to erosion and plate movement which erased any traces of their ancient civilisation. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'') After millions of years, some of the Silurian [[hibernation unit]]s were activated and opened.
   
 
In [[102]], a number of Silurians were part of [[the Alliance (The Pandorica Opens)|the Alliance]] of [[the Doctor]]'s worst enemies that imprisoned the [[Eleventh Doctor]] in the [[Pandorica]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Pandorica Opens (TV story)|The Pandorica Opens]]'')
 
In [[102]], a number of Silurians were part of [[the Alliance (The Pandorica Opens)|the Alliance]] of [[the Doctor]]'s worst enemies that imprisoned the [[Eleventh Doctor]] in the [[Pandorica]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Pandorica Opens (TV story)|The Pandorica Opens]]'')
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[[Charles Darwin]] and the [[HMS Beagle|HMS ''Beagle'']] expedition, along with the [[Sixth Doctor]] and [[Evelyn Smythe]], encountered a rogue Silurian group in the [[Galápagos Islands]]. The leader of this group was Tulok, responsible for creating humanity's prehistoric ancestors via a forbidden breeding program. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'')
 
[[Charles Darwin]] and the [[HMS Beagle|HMS ''Beagle'']] expedition, along with the [[Sixth Doctor]] and [[Evelyn Smythe]], encountered a rogue Silurian group in the [[Galápagos Islands]]. The leader of this group was Tulok, responsible for creating humanity's prehistoric ancestors via a forbidden breeding program. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Bloodtide (audio story)|Bloodtide]]'')
   
Prior to [[1888]], a group of Silurians was awoken by the digging of the [[London Underground]]. This led to the death of several navvies. [[Vastra]], a skilled Silurian warrior who had been awoken by their digging, wanted revenge. The Doctor convinced her to live peacefully in [[London]]. In 1888 she resided with her human partner [[Jenny Flint|Jenny]], although she fed on human criminals. Then, she and several of her soldiers were called up by the Doctor to fight at the [[Battle of Demon's Run]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Good Man Goes to War]]'') Vastra subsequently became the leader of the [[Paternoster Gang]], protecting the Earth of that era from threats. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Snowmen (TV story)|The Snowmen]]'', ''[[The Crimson Horror (TV story)|The Crimson Horror]]'', ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'', ''[[Deep Breath (TV story)|Deep Breath]]'')
+
Prior to [[1888]], a group of Silurians was awoken by the digging of the [[London Underground]]. This led to the death of several navvies. [[Vastra]], a skilled Silurian warrior who had been awoken by their digging, wanted revenge. The Doctor convinced her to live peacefully in [[London]]. In 1888 she resided with her human partner [[Jenny Flint|Jenny]], although she fed on human criminals. Then, she and several of her soldiers were called up by the Doctor to fight at the [[Battle of Demon's Run]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Good Man Goes to War (TV story)|A Good Man Goes to War]]'') Vastra subsequently became the leader of the [[Paternoster Gang]], protecting the Earth of that era from threats. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Snowmen (TV story)|The Snowmen]]'', ''[[The Crimson Horror (TV story)|The Crimson Horror]]'', ''[[The Name of the Doctor (TV story)|The Name of the Doctor]]'', ''[[Deep Breath (TV story)|Deep Breath]]'')
   
 
In [[1892]], the Silurians led by their leader [[Vekkis]] found a piece of the [[Eternity Clock]] to reclaim Earth. They planned to use the power of the Clock to pump toxin to wipe out the human race. The Eleventh Doctor and [[River Song]] destroyed the toxin and took the Eternity Clock. ([[GAME]]: ''[[The Eternity Clock (video game)|The Eternity Clock]]'')
 
In [[1892]], the Silurians led by their leader [[Vekkis]] found a piece of the [[Eternity Clock]] to reclaim Earth. They planned to use the power of the Clock to pump toxin to wipe out the human race. The Eleventh Doctor and [[River Song]] destroyed the toxin and took the Eternity Clock. ([[GAME]]: ''[[The Eternity Clock (video game)|The Eternity Clock]]'')
Line 143: Line 146:
 
In [[1903]], after receiving a wealth of information from the future, [[Grigori Rasputin]] saw beings which lived beneath the surface of the Earth. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Wanderer (audio story)|The Wanderer]]'')
 
In [[1903]], after receiving a wealth of information from the future, [[Grigori Rasputin]] saw beings which lived beneath the surface of the Earth. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Wanderer (audio story)|The Wanderer]]'')
   
In the late [[20th century]] a group of Silurians were awakened from hibernation by the energy from the nearby [[Wenley Moor nuclear research facility|nuclear power research centre]] at [[Wenley Moor]]. After disagreement between [[Okdel L'da]] and [[Morka]] over a course of action, Morka won out, killing Okdel, and the Silurians tried to reclaim the planet from [[human]]ity by releasing a [[Silurian virus|deadly virus]]. This plan was prevented by Dr [[Liz Shaw]] of [[UNIT]] and the [[Third Doctor]], when they had the cure mass-produced. After this plan was thwarted, they tried using their [[molecular disperser]] to destroy Earth's [[van Allen belt]], so that the sun's radiation would burn the humans to death while allowing the cold-blooded Silurians to survive, but Liz and the Doctor stopped them again when they overloaded the disperser and the facility's reactor. Despite the Doctor's best efforts to broker a peaceful solution, the Silurian base was bombed by UNIT by order of [[Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart|Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') While the third and eleventh incarnations of the Doctor stated in some accounts that this tribe had all died, ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'') according to another account, the Third Doctor said they were only entombed. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
+
In the late [[20th century]] a group of Silurians were awakened from hibernation by the energy from the nearby [[Wenley Moor nuclear research facility|nuclear power research centre]] at [[Wenley Moor]]. After disagreement between [[Okdel L'da]] and [[Morka]] over a course of action, Morka won out, killing Okdel, and the Silurians tried to reclaim the planet from [[human]]ity by releasing a [[Silurian virus|deadly virus]]. This plan was prevented by Dr [[Liz Shaw]] of [[UNIT]] and the [[Third Doctor]], when they had the cure mass-produced. After this plan was thwarted, they tried using their [[molecular disperser]] to destroy Earth's [[van Allen belt]], so that the sun's radiation would burn the humans to death while allowing the cold-blooded Silurians to survive, but Liz and the Doctor stopped them again when they overloaded the disperser and the facility's reactor. Despite the Doctor's best efforts to broker a peaceful solution, the Silurian base was bombed by UNIT by order of [[Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart|Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'') While the third and eleventh incarnations of the Doctor stated in some accounts that this tribe had all died, ([[TV]]: ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'') according to another account, the Third Doctor said they were only entombed. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
Shortly afterwards, a second base was awoken in [[Oregon]], and was likewise dealt with by UNIT. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Devil Goblins from Neptune]]'')
+
Shortly afterwards, a second base was awoken in [[Oregon]], and was likewise dealt with by UNIT. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Devil Goblins from Neptune (novel)|The Devil Goblins from Neptune]]'')
   
Following this, the Silurian-Sea Devil hybrids [[Baal D'jo]] and [[Tahni]] kidnapped the human boy [[Marc Marshall]], and took him to their shelter under the island of [[L'Ithe]] to experiment on him. They intended to prolong the hybrids' short lifespan, but Baal later allowed Marc to be returned to the British mainland when Marc's presence in the shelter no longer suited the hybrids. When the shelter's leader [[Chukk]] was killed by a [[C19]] [[Jana Kristan (imposter)|agent]], Baal and Tahni's power-hungry mother [[Auggi D'jo]] took over and intended to take back Earth from humanity. Her fleet was pushed back by UNIT on the [[Kent]] coast. Baal and Tahni took over the shelter, while Auggi escaped in her [[Silurian battlecruiser|battlecruiser]]. Liz offered to continue to help the hybrids find a cure for their condition. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice]]'')
+
Following this, the Silurian-Sea Devil hybrids [[Baal D'jo]] and [[Tahni]] kidnapped the human boy [[Marc Marshall]], and took him to their shelter under the island of [[L'Ithe]] to experiment on him. They intended to prolong the hybrids' short lifespan, but Baal later allowed Marc to be returned to the British mainland when Marc's presence in the shelter no longer suited the hybrids. When the shelter's leader [[Chukk]] was killed by a [[C19]] [[Jana Kristan (imposter)|agent]], Baal and Tahni's power-hungry mother [[Auggi D'jo]] took over and intended to take back Earth from humanity. Her fleet was pushed back by UNIT on the [[Kent]] coast. Baal and Tahni took over the shelter, while Auggi escaped in her [[Silurian battlecruiser|battlecruiser]]. Liz offered to continue to help the hybrids find a cure for their condition. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The Scales of Injustice (novel)|The Scales of Injustice]]'')
   
 
In the aftermath of Wenley Moor, UNIT began a search for any other colonies using a device invented by the Doctor. Mike Yates was involved while Benton trooped around the country. Standard protocols were to keep an eye on the Silurians and make sure they stayed asleep and alive. Some colonies would awaken over time but, when seeing how many humans there were, opt to return to hibernation. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Call to Arms (audio story)|Call to Arms]]'')
 
In the aftermath of Wenley Moor, UNIT began a search for any other colonies using a device invented by the Doctor. Mike Yates was involved while Benton trooped around the country. Standard protocols were to keep an eye on the Silurians and make sure they stayed asleep and alive. Some colonies would awaken over time but, when seeing how many humans there were, opt to return to hibernation. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[Call to Arms (audio story)|Call to Arms]]'')
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In [[1983]], [[Sarah Jane Smith]] and [[K9 Mark III|K9]], while visiting [[Warren Martyn]]'s [[archaeology|archaeological]] expedition in [[Egypt]], discovered an underground city of Silurians and Sea Devils. Sarah Jane opened diplomatic relations with them. On her return to England, she contacted the Brigadier, who wished to make amends for his earlier mistakes. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[City of Devils (comic story)|City of Devils]]'')
 
In [[1983]], [[Sarah Jane Smith]] and [[K9 Mark III|K9]], while visiting [[Warren Martyn]]'s [[archaeology|archaeological]] expedition in [[Egypt]], discovered an underground city of Silurians and Sea Devils. Sarah Jane opened diplomatic relations with them. On her return to England, she contacted the Brigadier, who wished to make amends for his earlier mistakes. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[City of Devils (comic story)|City of Devils]]'')
   
By [[2003]] there were Silurians serving as part of UNIT, in particular [[Imorkal]], who worked with Liz at [[Tranquillity Moonbase]] located on Earth's Moon. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Eternity Weeps]]'') Some years later, Sir Alistair helped the Silurians try to finally make peace with the humans, though the general public believed it to be a stunt involving men in rubber suits. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Coup]]'') Later, the Silurians aided UNIT in finding a cure for a plague. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Wasting]]'')
+
By [[2003]] there were Silurians serving as part of UNIT, in particular [[Imorkal]], who worked with Liz at [[Tranquillity Moonbase]] located on Earth's Moon. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Eternity Weeps (novel)|Eternity Weeps]]'') Some years later, Sir Alistair helped the Silurians try to finally make peace with the humans, though the general public believed it to be a stunt involving men in rubber suits. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Coup (audio story)|The Coup]]'') Later, the Silurians aided UNIT in finding a cure for a plague. ([[AUDIO]]: ''[[The Wasting (audio story)|The Wasting]]'')
   
In late [[2010]], a fossilised Silurian egg was discovered by the [[Pharos Institute]]. Sarah Jane went to the institute to take a look at it. ([[TV]]: ''[[Sarah Jane's Alien Files episode 6]]'')
+
In late [[2010]], a fossilised Silurian egg was discovered by the [[Pharos Institute]]. Sarah Jane went to the institute to take a look at it. ([[TV]]: ''[[SJAF 6]]'')
   
 
In the [[2010s]], [[Silurian (Face the Raven)|a Silurian]] was a resident of the hidden [[Trap Street, London|trap street]] in [[London]] which housed lost aliens on [[Earth]] under the protection of [[Ashildr|Mayor Me]]. As with the rest of the inhabitants it appeared cloaked in human form through use of the [[lurkworm]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Face the Raven (TV story)|Face the Raven]]'')
 
In the [[2010s]], [[Silurian (Face the Raven)|a Silurian]] was a resident of the hidden [[Trap Street, London|trap street]] in [[London]] which housed lost aliens on [[Earth]] under the protection of [[Ashildr|Mayor Me]]. As with the rest of the inhabitants it appeared cloaked in human form through use of the [[lurkworm]]s. ([[TV]]: ''[[Face the Raven (TV story)|Face the Raven]]'')
   
In [[2020]], a [[Silurian city]] in [[Wales]] was awoken by a mining trial led by [[Nasreen Chaudhry]] and [[Tony Mack]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'') The giant drill had attacked the Silurians' oxygen pockets. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood]]'') The Silurians took corpses from a graveyard for study, as well as [[Mo Northover]] and later [[Amy Pond]] as living subjects. Eventually they contained the village in a [[force field]] and captured [[Elliot Northover]]. [[Alaya]] came to the surface and was captured. While the Eleventh Doctor and Nasreen travelled to the Silurian city to negotiate her return for Mo, Elliot and Amy, Alaya was guarded by Tony, [[Rory Williams]] and [[Ambrose Northover]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'') The Eleventh Doctor and Nasreen were captured, while Amy and Mo escaped. After an abortive rescue attempt, the Doctor was able to convince the Silurian leader, [[Eldane]], to negotiate with Amy and Nasreen for the future of both their races. Back on the surface, Ambrose tried to help her family and threatened Alaya, accidentally killing her just as the group were summoned to the city. She also set the drill to start burrowing again in fifteen minutes. Alaya's death, and Ambrose's threat to the city, was received badly, especially by Alaya's sister, [[Restac]], who tried to kill all the humans in retribution. Eldane managed to lead the Doctor and his friends to a laboratory. He [[toxic fumigation|released a deadly gas into the city]], forcing Restac's troops to return to their hibernation. The Doctor stopped the drilling by destroying the drill with an energy pulse, which also sealed off the city in a cave-in. The timer was set for a thousand years to permit a second chance at negotiation. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood]]'')
+
In [[2020]], a [[Silurian city]] in [[Wales]] was awoken by a mining trial led by [[Nasreen Chaudhry]] and [[Tony Mack]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'') The giant drill had attacked the Silurians' oxygen pockets. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'') The Silurians took corpses from a graveyard for study, as well as [[Mo Northover]] and later [[Amy Pond]] as living subjects. Eventually they contained the village in a [[force field]] and captured [[Elliot Northover]]. [[Alaya]] came to the surface and was captured. While the Eleventh Doctor and Nasreen travelled to the Silurian city to negotiate her return for Mo, Elliot and Amy, Alaya was guarded by Tony, [[Rory Williams]] and [[Ambrose Northover]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'') The Eleventh Doctor and Nasreen were captured, while Amy and Mo escaped. After an abortive rescue attempt, the Doctor was able to convince the Silurian leader, [[Eldane]], to negotiate with Amy and Nasreen for the future of both their races. Back on the surface, Ambrose tried to help her family and threatened Alaya, accidentally killing her just as the group were summoned to the city. She also set the drill to start burrowing again in fifteen minutes. Alaya's death, and Ambrose's threat to the city, was received badly, especially by Alaya's sister, [[Restac]], who tried to kill all the humans in retribution. Eldane managed to lead the Doctor and his friends to a laboratory. He [[toxic fumigation|released a deadly gas into the city]], forcing Restac's troops to return to their hibernation. The Doctor stopped the drilling by destroying the drill with an energy pulse, which also sealed off the city in a cave-in. The timer was set for a thousand years to permit a second chance at negotiation. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'')
   
Circa [[2084]], a group of Silurians allied themselves with the [[Sea Devil]]s to invade [[Sea Base 4]]. They attempted to launch [[nuclear weapon]]s to provoke a war between the two major power blocs. They were killed when the [[Fifth Doctor]], perceiving no more peaceful option, flooded [[hexachromite gas]] in order to kill them. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep]]'')
+
Circa [[2084]], a group of Silurians allied themselves with the [[Sea Devil]]s to invade [[Sea Base 4]]. They attempted to launch [[nuclear weapon]]s to provoke a war between the two major power blocs. They were killed when the [[Fifth Doctor]], perceiving no more peaceful option, flooded the base with [[hexachromite gas]] in order to kill them. ([[TV]]: ''[[Warriors of the Deep (TV story)|Warriors of the Deep]]'')
   
 
=== Post-contact ===
 
=== Post-contact ===
 
At some point after the 2084 incident, a human colony faced a devastating war against the Earth Reptiles. Humans developed a doomsday device which they placed in a base around the moon colony, designed to scour the surface of the satellite. To combat this, the Earth Reptiles dispatched [[Quarra]] to infiltrate the base and take it over. However, she was unaware of an entertainer called [[Jen Yates]] who was not on the crew count, and this last survivor managed to activate the weapon, killing everyone in the colony. Though Quarra killed Jen, the shock of the event led to Quarra taking on the entertainer's personality to shield her from the truth. She believed that she was now human and that she was guarding the weapon alone in case the Earth Reptiles won the war. After a visit by the [[Seventh Doctor]], Quarra remembered the past and killed herself by walking onto the surface of the moon without a spacesuit. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Cold War (short story)|Cold War]]'')
 
At some point after the 2084 incident, a human colony faced a devastating war against the Earth Reptiles. Humans developed a doomsday device which they placed in a base around the moon colony, designed to scour the surface of the satellite. To combat this, the Earth Reptiles dispatched [[Quarra]] to infiltrate the base and take it over. However, she was unaware of an entertainer called [[Jen Yates]] who was not on the crew count, and this last survivor managed to activate the weapon, killing everyone in the colony. Though Quarra killed Jen, the shock of the event led to Quarra taking on the entertainer's personality to shield her from the truth. She believed that she was now human and that she was guarding the weapon alone in case the Earth Reptiles won the war. After a visit by the [[Seventh Doctor]], Quarra remembered the past and killed herself by walking onto the surface of the moon without a spacesuit. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Cold War (short story)|Cold War]]'')
   
Around the [[24th century]], [[Solomon (Dinosaurs on a Spaceship)|Solomon]] sent a distress signal to the Silurian Ark. Realising that there were valuable dinosaurs on board, he and his robots killed the Silurians on board. Unable to pilot the ship to his destination, the ark headed back to Earth. ([[TV]]: ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'')
+
In [[2367]], [[Solomon (Dinosaurs on a Spaceship)|Solomon]] sent a distress signal to the [[Silurian Ark]]. Realising that there were valuable dinosaurs on board, he and his robots slaughtered the Silurian crew. Unable to pilot the ship to his destination as it required two pilots with the same gene-chain, the Ark headed back to Earth where it was detected by the [[Indian Space Agency|ISA]]. [[Eleventh Doctor|The Doctor]] formed [[The Eleventh Doctor's gang|a gang]] to investigate the ship after learning of the situation and to save the ship from being shot down by the ISA. As the ship came under threat of destruction, it was piloted to safety by [[Brian Williams (Dinosaurs on a Spaceship)|Brian]] and [[Rory Williams]] who had the same gene-chain as they were father and son while the missiles were tricked into destroying Solomon's ship instead. In the aftermath, the dinosaurs were taken from the Ark and transported to a new home on [[Siluria]] by the Doctor and Brian. ([[TV]]: ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'')
   
 
By the [[26th century]], the inter-species conflicts appeared to have come to an end. Silurians and Sea Devils were accepted into Earth society, and the term "Earth Reptile" was apparently popularised among humans. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Love and War (novel)|Love and War]]'')
 
By the [[26th century]], the inter-species conflicts appeared to have come to an end. Silurians and Sea Devils were accepted into Earth society, and the term "Earth Reptile" was apparently popularised among humans. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Love and War (novel)|Love and War]]'')
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In the [[30th century]], the Earth Reptiles were part of the [[Earth Empire]], considered full members of the government as an Earthborn species. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[So Vile a Sin]]'')
 
In the [[30th century]], the Earth Reptiles were part of the [[Earth Empire]], considered full members of the government as an Earthborn species. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[So Vile a Sin]]'')
   
In the year [[3020]], one thousand years after the encounter at Cwmtaff, Eldane's clan were scheduled to reawaken and unite with [[human]]ity and their Earth Reptile cousins. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood]]'')
+
One thousand years after the encounter at Cwmtaff, Eldane's clan were scheduled to reawaken and unite with [[human]]ity and their Earth Reptile cousins. ([[TV]]: ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'')
   
In the [[32nd century]], it became illegal to trade in Earth Reptile pituitary analogue extract on the planet [[Dramos (planet)|Dramos]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Burning Heart]]'')
+
In the [[32nd century]], it became illegal to trade in Earth Reptile pituitary analogue extract on the planet [[Dramos (planet)|Dramos]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Burning Heart (novel)|Burning Heart]]'')
   
 
In [[3110]], a Silurian was running the [[Musée d'Orsay]] when the Eleventh Doctor visited it. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The War of Art (WEB short story)|The War of Art]]'')
 
In [[3110]], a Silurian was running the [[Musée d'Orsay]] when the Eleventh Doctor visited it. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[The War of Art (WEB short story)|The War of Art]]'')
   
Around the [[52nd century]], a group of armed Silurian warriors resembling those from Wales were called upon by the Eleventh Doctor to help him in the Battle of Demon's Run to rescue Amy Pond. Many of these Silurians were killed by the [[Headless Monks]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Good Man Goes to War]]'')
+
Around the [[52nd century]], a group of armed Silurian warriors resembling those from Wales were called upon by the Eleventh Doctor to help him in the Battle of Demon's Run to rescue Amy Pond. Many of these Silurians were killed by the [[Headless Monks]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[A Good Man Goes to War (TV story)|A Good Man Goes to War]]'')
  +
  +
In the [[67th century]], a Wenley Moor-type Silurian appeared among the Perils of the Constant Division listed in a vid-briefing aboard the hospital ship [[Tsuranga]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Tsuranga Conundrum (TV story)|The Tsuranga Conundrum]]'')
   
 
In the [[91st century]], a Silurian actor starred as the protagonist of a film adaptation of [[H. G. Wells]]' ''[[The Time Machine]]'' spoken in [[haiku]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Synthespians™ (novel)|Synthespians™]]'')
 
In the [[91st century]], a Silurian actor starred as the protagonist of a film adaptation of [[H. G. Wells]]' ''[[The Time Machine]]'' spoken in [[haiku]]. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Synthespians™ (novel)|Synthespians™]]'')
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[[File:Surfshock.jpg|thumb|right|A Silurian on [[Beachelguese]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Surfshock (comic story)|Surfshock]]'')]]
 
[[File:Surfshock.jpg|thumb|right|A Silurian on [[Beachelguese]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Surfshock (comic story)|Surfshock]]'')]]
 
* A Silurian visited [[Beachelguese]] with a Sea Devil and a [[Macra]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Surfshock (comic story)|Surfshock]]'')
 
* A Silurian visited [[Beachelguese]] with a Sea Devil and a [[Macra]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Surfshock (comic story)|Surfshock]]'')
* At least one Silurian (similar to the Welsh tribe) was abducted and sent to face their fear in [[Prison ship (The God Complex)|the Minotaur's Prison Ship]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The God Complex]]'')
+
* At least one Silurian (similar to the Welsh tribe) was abducted and sent to face their fear in [[Prison ship (The God Complex)|the Minotaur's Prison Ship]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The God Complex (TV story)|The God Complex]]'')
 
* A dead Silurian was seen on a battlefield. A [[Corvid]] fed on its mind. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Highgate Horror (comic story)|The Highgate Horror]]'')
 
* A dead Silurian was seen on a battlefield. A [[Corvid]] fed on its mind. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[The Highgate Horror (comic story)|The Highgate Horror]]'')
 
* A Silurian called [[Wanda]] trapped humans in the monkey enclosure in the zoo. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Untitled (10DY3 4 comic story)|Untitled]]'')
 
* A Silurian called [[Wanda]] trapped humans in the monkey enclosure in the zoo. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Untitled (10DY3 4 comic story)|Untitled]]'')
[[File:Destiny_of_the_silurians.jpg|thumb|A Silurian in [[the TARDIS]]. ([[GAME]]: ''[[Destiny of the Doctors]]'')]]
+
[[File:Destiny of the silurians.jpg|thumb|A Silurian in [[the TARDIS]]. ([[GAME]]: ''[[Destiny of the Doctors (video game)|Destiny of the Doctors]]'')]]
* {{Ainley|c}} attempted to kill [[the Doctor]]'s ally [[the Graak]] with a group of Silurians. ([[GAME]]: ''[[Destiny of the Doctors]]'')
+
* {{Ainley|c}} attempted to kill [[the Doctor]]'s ally [[the Graak]] with a group of Silurians. ([[GAME]]: ''[[Destiny of the Doctors (video game)|Destiny of the Doctors]]'')
 
* [[Silurian Ark]]s were present above [[Trenzalore]] when they were drawn there by the First Question. They retreated or burned during the [[Siege of Trenzalore]] when the [[Dalek]]s broke through the planetary [[force field]] of the [[Papal Mainframe]] and intense fighting began. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Time of the Doctor (TV story)|The Time of the Doctor]]'')
 
* [[Silurian Ark]]s were present above [[Trenzalore]] when they were drawn there by the First Question. They retreated or burned during the [[Siege of Trenzalore]] when the [[Dalek]]s broke through the planetary [[force field]] of the [[Papal Mainframe]] and intense fighting began. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Time of the Doctor (TV story)|The Time of the Doctor]]'')
 
* A [[Silurian (Summer Wholiday)|Silurian]] was at [[Florana]] when the Eleventh Doctor, Amy, and Rory went there for their summer holiday. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Summer Wholiday (comic story)|Summer Wholiday]]'')
 
* A [[Silurian (Summer Wholiday)|Silurian]] was at [[Florana]] when the Eleventh Doctor, Amy, and Rory went there for their summer holiday. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Summer Wholiday (comic story)|Summer Wholiday]]'')
Line 199: Line 202:
 
* The Silurians joined [[Rassilon]]'s [[Alliance of Races]] in the [[Great Inferno]], the war with [[Hyperion (species)|Hyperions]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Terrorformer (comic story)|Terrorformer]]'') After the Hyperions were defeated, the Alliance then went on to purge the universe of other threats to universal harmony, one of those threats being Count [[D'if]] of the [[Cybock Imperium]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Gangland (comic story)|Gangland]]'')
 
* The Silurians joined [[Rassilon]]'s [[Alliance of Races]] in the [[Great Inferno]], the war with [[Hyperion (species)|Hyperions]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Terrorformer (comic story)|Terrorformer]]'') After the Hyperions were defeated, the Alliance then went on to purge the universe of other threats to universal harmony, one of those threats being Count [[D'if]] of the [[Cybock Imperium]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Gangland (comic story)|Gangland]]'')
   
=== Alternative histories ===
+
=== Alternate histories ===
* In one alternative version of the [[1970]]s, the [[Third Doctor]] having died during the Wenley Moor incident, the Silurians ruled Earth unchecked. They reintroduced [[dinosaur]]s into Earth's ecosystem and reduced the surviving humans into powerless scavengers. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat]]'')
+
* In one alternate version of the [[1970]]s, the [[Third Doctor]] having died during the Wenley Moor incident, the Silurians ruled Earth unchecked. They reintroduced [[dinosaur]]s into Earth's ecosystem and reduced the surviving humans into powerless scavengers. ([[PROSE]]: ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'')
* Another alternative history branched out from the same incident. In this timeline, the Third Doctor and the Brigadier died during the same incident. However the Silurians, Sea Devils and humans now lived in peace under the URIC or [[United Races Intelligence Command]], formerly known as UNIT. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Final Genesis (comic story)|Final Genesis]]'')
+
* Another alternate history branched out from the same incident. In this timeline, the Third Doctor and the Brigadier died during the same incident. However the Silurians, Sea Devils and humans now lived in peace under the URIC or [[United Races Intelligence Command]], formerly known as UNIT. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Final Genesis (comic story)|Final Genesis]]'')
 
* In an [[Alternate timeline (Time & Time Again)|alternate timeline]] created by the [[Black Guardian]] where the [[First Doctor]] never left [[Gallifrey]], and became [[Lord President]], the Silurians and the Sea Devils fought over [[Earth]] with a number of [[alien]] invaders such as the [[Zygon]]s, the [[Ice Warrior]]s and the [[Sontaran]]s. This timeline was destroyed when the [[Seventh Doctor]] retrieved the [[Key to Time]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Time & Time Again (comic story)|Time & Time Again]]'')
 
* In an [[Alternate timeline (Time & Time Again)|alternate timeline]] created by the [[Black Guardian]] where the [[First Doctor]] never left [[Gallifrey]], and became [[Lord President]], the Silurians and the Sea Devils fought over [[Earth]] with a number of [[alien]] invaders such as the [[Zygon]]s, the [[Ice Warrior]]s and the [[Sontaran]]s. This timeline was destroyed when the [[Seventh Doctor]] retrieved the [[Key to Time]]. ([[COMIC]]: ''[[Time & Time Again (comic story)|Time & Time Again]]'')
* In a world where all of history occurred at once, Silurians lived alongside humans. [[Malohkeh]] served as physician to the Holy Roman Emperor, [[Winston Churchill]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Wedding of River Song]]'')
+
* In a [[River Song's World|world]] where all of history occurred at once, Silurians lived alongside humans. [[Malohkeh]] served as physician to the Holy Roman Emperor, [[Winston Churchill]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Wedding of River Song (TV story)|The Wedding of River Song]]'')
   
 
=== Parallel dimensions ===
 
=== Parallel dimensions ===
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=== References ===
 
=== References ===
 
* [[Jack Harkness]] stated that the Doctor had once mentioned something described in Silurian mythology that could have been [[the Blessing]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Blood Line (TV story)|The Blood Line]]'')
 
* [[Jack Harkness]] stated that the Doctor had once mentioned something described in Silurian mythology that could have been [[the Blessing]]. ([[TV]]: ''[[The Blood Line (TV story)|The Blood Line]]'')
  +
* A [[Silurian blaster]] was among the technology appropriated by the [[Skithra]]. This was recognised by the [[Thirteenth Doctor]], though her [[Team TARDIS]] [[companion]]s were unfamiliar with them, with [[Graham O'Brien]] pronouncing their name as "Slymurian". ([[TV]]: ''[[Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror (TV story)|Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror]]'')
   
 
== Behind the scenes ==
 
== Behind the scenes ==
 
=== Dating issue ===
 
=== Dating issue ===
The era of the Silurians have never been consistently or clearly dated.
+
The era of the Silurians have never been consistently or clearly dated.
* In the television story ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', the Silurians were seen to have a globe from some point before the {{w|Continental drift|Great Continental Drift}} of 200 million years ago, which was the late {{w|Triassic|Triassic period}}. In the same scene, the [[Third Doctor]] discovered calculations about the age of the Earth inside Dr [[John Quinn|Quinn]]'s office with particular reference to the [[Silurian era]] (roughly 440 million to 415 million years ago).
+
* In the television story ''[[Doctor Who and the Silurians (TV story)|Doctor Who and the Silurians]]'', the Silurians were seen to have a globe from some point before the {{w|Continental drift|Great Continental Drift}} of 200 million years ago, which was the late [[Triassic]] period. In the same scene, the [[Third Doctor]] discovered calculations about the age of the Earth inside Dr [[John Quinn|Quinn]]'s office with particular reference to the [[Silurian era]] (roughly 440 million to 415 million years ago).
 
* Narration in the novelisation ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'' mentions that the sunset [[Okdel L'da]] sees before going into hibernation was "the last time he was to see the sun for a hundred million years".
 
* Narration in the novelisation ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'' mentions that the sunset [[Okdel L'da]] sees before going into hibernation was "the last time he was to see the sun for a hundred million years".
* The Third Doctor mused in the television story ''[[The Sea Devils (TV story)|The Sea Devils]]'' that the [[Eocene era|Eocene period]] (roughly 55 million to 35 million years ago) would have been a more accurate dating, although this was after the [[dinosaur]]s (which the Silurians were shown using) were believed to have become extinct.
+
* The Third Doctor mused in the television story ''[[The Sea Devils (TV story)|The Sea Devils]]'' that the [[Eocene era|Eocene period]] (roughly 55 million to 35 million years ago) would have been a more accurate dating, although this was after the [[dinosaur]]s (which the Silurians were shown using) were believed to have become extinct.
* In the television story ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'', the [[Eleventh Doctor]] told Alaya that she was "300 million years outside of your comfort zone", which would place them around the late {{w|Carboniferous|Carboniferous period}}, although later in the same episode he referenced that they were sometimes called Eocenes.
+
* In the television story ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'', the [[Eleventh Doctor]] told Alaya that she was "300 million years outside of your comfort zone", which would place them around the late [[Carboniferous]], although later in the same episode he referenced that they were sometimes called Eocenes.
* In the television story ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'', the dinosaurs in the [[Silurian Ark]] are native to the [[Cretaceous|Cretaceous period]]. On the other hand, the novel ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'' shows the Silurians bringing back extinct species from numerous time periods.
+
* In the television story ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'', the dinosaurs in the [[Silurian Ark]] are native to the [[Cretaceous|Cretaceous period]]. On the other hand, the novel ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'' shows the Silurians bringing back extinct species from numerous time periods.
* Silurians tended to make references to early apes, which are believed to have [[evolution|evolved]] at some point between 40 and 15 million years ago, or the late Eocene to the {{w|Miocene|Miocene period}}. Mammalian pets of the Silurians, which eventually evolved into humans, are also depicted in the prologue of the ''Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters'' novelisation.
+
* Silurians tended to make references to early apes, which are believed to have [[evolution|evolved]] at some point between 40 and 15 million years ago, or the late [[Eocene era|Eocene]] to the [[Miocene]] period. Mammalian pets of the Silurians, which eventually evolved into humans, are also depicted in the prologue of the ''Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters'' novelisation.
 
* The novel ''[[The Quantum Archangel (novel)|The Quantum Archangel]]'' suggests that [[the Moon]] was orbiting the [[Earth]] before 150 million years ago, which means the Silurians ruled before the [[Jurassic]].
 
* The novel ''[[The Quantum Archangel (novel)|The Quantum Archangel]]'' suggests that [[the Moon]] was orbiting the [[Earth]] before 150 million years ago, which means the Silurians ruled before the [[Jurassic]].
 
* The novel ''[[The Wheel of Ice (novel)|The Wheel of Ice]]'' states that the Silurians were preparing for the disaster 50 million years ago, again placing them in the Eocene.
 
* The novel ''[[The Wheel of Ice (novel)|The Wheel of Ice]]'' states that the Silurians were preparing for the disaster 50 million years ago, again placing them in the Eocene.
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* In the comic story ''[[The Crystal Throne (comic story)|The Crystal Throne]]'', Madame Vastra tells Lady [[Cornelia Basildon-Stone]] that she learnt to fight while the human race "still had tails".
 
* In the comic story ''[[The Crystal Throne (comic story)|The Crystal Throne]]'', Madame Vastra tells Lady [[Cornelia Basildon-Stone]] that she learnt to fight while the human race "still had tails".
 
* The bookazine [[TEDW 5]] claims the Silurians ruled during the late Cretaceous era, and the planetoid that approached the Earth caused the Silurian Ark to leave Earth, and the Silurians that were left behind to hide to go into hibernation, "circa 65,000,000 BC".
 
* The bookazine [[TEDW 5]] claims the Silurians ruled during the late Cretaceous era, and the planetoid that approached the Earth caused the Silurian Ark to leave Earth, and the Silurians that were left behind to hide to go into hibernation, "circa 65,000,000 BC".
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* The audio story ''[[The Cars That Ate London! (audio story)|The Cars That Ate London!]]'' has [[Jenny Flint]] claiming that Vastra was born 65 million years before the [[19th century]].
   
 
=== Naming issue ===
 
=== Naming issue ===
Another name given in ''[[Blood Heat]]'', ''Psionosauropodamorphae'', translates as ''psychic lizard-foot shaped''. This may be intended to suggest a connection between the Silurians and the sauropod family of dinosaurs, though this seems unlikely given the near-total lack of physical resemblance and the comparatively small cerebral capacity of most sauropod dinosaurs. ''Homo reptilia'', one of the suggested names used in ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'', ''[[City of Devils]]'', ''[[The Hungry Earth]]'' / ''[[Cold Blood]]'' and ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'', cannot be a scientific term. The rules governing the use of {{w|Genus|genera}} prevent any two separate groups within a kingdom (''i.e. animals'') from using the same genus.
+
Another name given in ''[[Blood Heat (novel)|Blood Heat]]'', ''Psionosauropodamorphae'', translates as ''psychic lizard-foot shaped''. This may be intended to suggest a connection between the Silurians and the sauropod family of dinosaurs, though this seems unlikely given the near-total lack of physical resemblance and the comparatively small cerebral capacity of most sauropod dinosaurs. ''Homo reptilia'', one of the suggested names used in ''[[Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters (novelisation)|Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters]]'', ''[[City of Devils (comic story)|City of Devils]]'', ''[[The Hungry Earth (TV story)|The Hungry Earth]]'' / ''[[Cold Blood (TV story)|Cold Blood]]'' and ''[[Dinosaurs on a Spaceship (TV story)|Dinosaurs on a Spaceship]]'', cannot be a scientific term. The rules governing the use of {{w|Genus|genera}} prevent any two separate groups within a kingdom (''i.e. animals'') from using the same genus.
   
 
=== References in other media ===
 
=== References in other media ===
* The [[Alan Moore]] graphic novel series {{wi|The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen}} refers to lizard-men called Silurians and [[Sea Devil]]s and retcons {{w|Gill-man|the Creature from the Black Lagoon}} as one of the latter.
+
* The [[Alan Moore]] graphic novel series {{wi|The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen}} refers to lizard-men called Silurians and [[Sea Devil]]s and retcons {{w|Gill-man|the Creature from the Black Lagoon}} as one of the latter.
* The [[Sea Devil]]s and Silurians are shown as the original inhabitants of Earth in the steampunk graphic novel {{wi|Scarlet Traces|Scarlet Traces: The Great Game}}, which takes place in a world in which [[H.G. Wells]]' ''[[The War of the Worlds]]'' actually occurred.
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* The [[Sea Devil]]s and Silurians are shown as the original inhabitants of Earth in the steampunk graphic novel {{wi|Scarlet Traces|Scarlet Traces: The Great Game}}, which takes place in a world in which [[H.G. Wells]]' ''[[The War of the Worlds]]'' actually occurred.
   
{{Silurian & Sea Devil stories}}
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== External links ==
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{{Homo Reptilian stories}}
   
 
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Latest revision as of 11:12, January 24, 2020

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The Silurians, also known as Earth Reptiles, Eocenes, Psionosauropodomorpha, Homo Reptilicus, Homo reptilia and Reptilia sapiens, were a species native to Earth that pre-dated humanity. Technologically advanced, they lived alongside their aquatic cousins, the Sea Devils. Unlike other species, Silurians showed an important intraspecific variation, with vast differentiation between breeds, such as the number of eyes, the formation of their pupils and the colour of their skin.

Biology Edit

Physical appearance Edit

The Silurians were an extremely varied species, with different subspecies and appearances; there were at least ten or eleven Silurian variations. Whilst many of them appeared similar, there were subtle differences which were attributed to caste. There were also clans or families with differentiated physical characteristics, some suited for environments of extreme cold or high plateaus. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) In general, they were humanoid reptilians with scaly crests on their head.

One group of Silurians was found at Wenley Moor; these had long fingers and three webbed toes on each foot, and their mouths were small and sucker-like. The most noticeable feature of these Silurians were their three eyes. Their main eyes were bright yellow with cat-like pupils, while their third eye was red and high on the forehead, surrounded by a fluted bone structure. They also had rectangular external ears. They were active creatures who spoke quickly in deep voices. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians). A tribe fitting this description also lived under the Galápagos Islands. (AUDIO: Bloodtide) The cadaver of another such Silurian was identified by Vastra as being of the "Scholar" caste. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)

Another group was found at Sea Base 4. They looked similar to those of Wenley Moor, but had stockier builds, brown skin, suckers on the tips of their fingers, smaller mouths, ornate, curving spikes around their heads and the third eye on top. The third eye would glow along with their speech, but was not used in attack. They were also slower and spoke in a higher-pitched voice. (TV: Warriors of the Deep) Identical Silurians were seen elsewhere as part of the aforementioned Scholar caste. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)

Horlak, a leader of a tribe of scholars which included Silurians matching the aforementioned groups, appeared much like them but was distinct in that his cranial ridges were further pronounced. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)

A tribe seen on prehistoric Earth were distinguished in that they had only two eyes, no external ears, five digits on each hand, crests on their heads and down their neck, and faces with bulging black eyes and beak-like mouths. (COMIC: Supremacy of the Cybermen) A further subspecies, found in Wales, were more radically different with more human-shaped faces. (TV: The Hungry Earth/Cold Blood) Of this subspecies, Silurian Hunters wore masks resembling the faces of their beaked counterparts. (GAME: The Mazes of Time) They had long tongues which they could flick to inject a venom, which was mutagenic to humans. They moved and spoke much like humans. (TV: The Hungry Earth/Cold Blood) This tribe also appeared to have extended into the London area as well, with the colony Madame Vastra belonged to having been uncovered during an expansion to the London Underground. (TV: A Good Man Goes to War, TV: Vastra Investigates) Vastra was identified by her Scholar brethren as "Warrior". (COMIC: The Lost Dimension) These Silurians would become darker green when blushing. (TV: The Name of the Doctor)

The Silurians were also distantly related to the Sea Devils. (TV: The Sea Devils) They were genetically divergent enough to create problems for the offspring of matings with Silurians. Offspring suffered from biological problems including sterility and a shorter lifespan, due to cellular degeneration. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

In at least one alternate reality, there was a human-Silurian hybrid. This demonstrated that mating between the two was possible. (PROSE: Spiral Scratch)

Anatomy Edit

Scalesofinjusticesilurian

A Silurian/Sea Devil hybrid (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

Silurians were cold blooded and could only survive at warmer temperatures. They were sluggish and slow when cold. (PROSE: Blood Heat, TV: The Hungry Earth)

Silurians had a hunter's anatomy, with powerful muscles and hollow bones. Though they were taller than humans, they were also lighter and faster. According to one account, Silurians were incapable of crying, (PROSE: Blood Heat) although another account showed Silurians did indeed cry. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters) The typical lifespan of a Silurian was 200 to 250 years, (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) though some lived up to 300 years. (TV: Cold Blood)

Silurians had an organ analogous to the human pituitary gland. (PROSE: Burning Heart) They had a greater lung capacity than a human. (TV: Deep Breath) Nanjura fruits were toxic for them, but not lethal. (COMIC: Supremacy of the Cybermen) Silurians possessed venom sacs in their mouths, with which they could release venom through their tongues. The venom was toxic and deadly even to Gallifreyans, but because the sacs of juvenile Silurians were not fully developed, it was possible to survive an attack by one of the species' young without permanent damage. (PROSE: The Silurian Gift)

The reptilian Silurians hatched from eggs. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters)

Third eye Edit

Siluriansp80

A Silurian using his third eye. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters)

Silurians of the "scholar caste" possessed a third eye on the forehead. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension) The three eyes provided them with a triple-faceted form of vision. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians)

The third eye also allowed them to use a variety of telepathic powers. The Silurians used their third eyes to communicate with other Silurians in a process known as "linking". The third eye would glow along with their emotions, becoming brighter when they were angry. They could sense the presence of other Silurians, even at great distances. Silurians could control the minds of other creatures. (PROSE: Blood Heat) They could hypnotise and coerce humans through a link to a primal part of a subject's mind, though stronger wills could resist this control. (AUDIO: Bloodtide)

The third eye was capable of harming organic beings, killing them or leaving them unconscious. Alternatively, they could revive a human that they had rendered unconscious with the third eye. Energies emanating from it allowed them to burn through walls and create tunnels. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians, PROSE: Blood Heat) According to one account, the offensive capabilities of the third eye was a beam of burning radiation. (COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians)

The Silurians also employed their third eye in less destructive tasks, such as activating their technology, opening passageways or creating force fields to trap prisoners. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians)

Not all Silurians had these third eyes, (TV: The Hungry Earth) primarily the ones belonging to the "warrior caste". (COMIC: The Lost Dimension) Jastrok bitterly implied that these Silurians once had working third eyes but they had lost it over time. (AUDIO: Call to Arms) However, the Dacha was one Silurian who possessed a third eye despite his resemblence to the warrior caste. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)

Cyber-conversion Edit

This section's awfully stubby.

This section needs more information from Supremacy of the Cybermen

Cyber-converted Silurians

Cyber-Silurians on prehistoric Earth. (COMIC: Supremacy of the Cybermen)

On the prehistoric Earth, some Silurians were upgraded with cyber-technology, becoming Cyber-Silurians. (COMIC: Supremacy of the Cybermen)

Culture Edit

Lost Dimension Silurians

Silurians had great variance in appearance between Caste. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)

The Silurians were generally a peaceful race. Their highest laws forbade outright warfare except for defence. (TV: Warriors of the Deep) There was also great importance placed on the species' pure eugenics, which was believed to be their most important principle and most sacrosanct belief. Breeding between a Silurian and a Sea Devil was considered a crime punishable by death. The eggs of such a union were usually crushed and the parents executed. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

The Silurians were led by a Triad. (TV: Warriors of the Deep, PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) According to one account, the Triad were made up of the main leader, the "Second" and a Science Adviser. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) The majority of Silurian warriors appeared to be female, just as the females were the more aggressive in some species of lower reptile. (TV: Cold Blood, A Good Man Goes to War)

Silurians communicated by telepathically linking through their third eyes, as well as by body language. Though they could use words, they generally only used speech for effect, when talking to children or to species without telepathic linking abilities. Silurians had little in the way of literature, since their mind linking abilities were a more effective method of transferring ideas. (PROSE: Blood Heat)

A Silurian of advanced age would festoon the third eye with pearls as a form of decoration. (PROSE: Blood Heat) Some Silurians kept early hominids as pets. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters) Whilst in the future, some used the term Earth Reptiles, others called themselves Silurians, insisting those that accepted the name of Earth Reptiles were pathetic assimilationists. (PROSE: Burning Heart) Around the 1970s, however, some Silurians, who wanted humanity to be wiped out, used the term Earth Reptiles to describe themselves by. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

They worshipped a Lizard God. (PROSE: The Crystal Bucephalus) Their myths included Urmungstandra, a devil god (PROSE: The Taking of Planet 5) and the Great Old Ones, including in their ranks Azathoth, a deity revered by the Silurians long before the rise of humanity. (PROSE: All-Consuming Fire) They wrote the Necronomicon. (PROSE: White Darkness) Madame Vastra swore by a Goddess. (TV: The Name of the Doctor, Deep Breath)

The Third Doctor mentioned that along with literature, the Silurians had art, sport and games—a complete civilisation. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

Silurian poetry was composed of optical illusions and mathematics. (PROSE: The Insidious Ideas of the Danger Thinkers)

Relationship with other species Edit

Humans Edit

The Silurians did not think much of humans, considering them to be mere apes and despising them for destroying the terrestrial environment. (TV: Cold Blood)

Humans had an instinctive fear of Silurians, known as the race memory malaise. (PROSE: Blood Heat)

Other Edit

The Silurians were one of the species that the Skithra stole technology from. (TV: Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror)

Technology Edit

The Silurians made many advancements unknown to the humans.

Genetic modification Edit

The Silurians had advanced genetic capabilities. They brought species back from extinction, including many dinosaurs. (PROSE: Blood Heat) They could modify species, as they did with the Myrka. (TV: Warriors of the Deep) They created a genetically engineered plague, which they once used against early humans who invaded their crop settlements. This disease was highly virulent and was used as a form of "pest control". (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) Despite this, they had problems with Silurian/Sea Devil hybrids' deficiencies. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) They also altered primitive apes to make them breed more often and to improve their flavour when eaten; using these techniques, they ultimately ended up creating the ancestors of humanity. (AUDIO: Bloodtide)

The Silurians processed their own food and didn't rely on harvesting animals or plants (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) except in times of famine. (PROSE: Blood Heat) The Silurians could bio-program soil, causing it to react to certain events and respond, generally by dragging people underground. (TV: The Hungry Earth)

Medicine Edit

They were capable of advanced decontamination, removing diseases and poisons from the body. (TV: Cold Blood)

Weaponry Edit

Silurians generally relied on their third eye for defensive purposes, using technology to enhance their power. (PROSE: Blood Heat) They used Silurian battlecruisers, which were organic in structure, for transportation and offensive purposes. (TV: Warriors of the Deep)

The Silurians found in Wales used guns reminiscent of Sea Devil guns which could fire fatal energy beams. They also wore armour and used special masks that covered their faces and allowed them to scan objects. (TV: The Hungry Earth / Cold Blood)

Another type of weapon used was the Silurian blaster. (TV: Nikola Tesla's Night of Terror)

Miscellaneous technology Edit

Silurians had cryogenic technology which they used to preserve their civilisation when they believed the Earth was in danger. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) These had alarms for when the colony was threatened. (TV: The Hungry Earth/Cold Blood)

They could use gravity bubbles to travel to and from the surface. (TV: The Hungry Earth/Cold Blood) They also had mechanical airships, which Bernice used and found to be of high quality. (PROSE: St Anthony's Fire) They had some holographic technology. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

They could modify the atmosphere, increasing the temperature in certain areas. (PROSE: Blood Heat) They had the ability to disperse the Van Allen belt using a molecular disperser, which would have left Earth defenceless against cosmic radiation in an attempt to exterminate humanity. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians)

Silurians could create force fields to trap an entire village, controlling the amount of light that got in (effectively making it night). (TV: The Hungry Earth) They also had wrist devices, (TV: Warriors of the Deep) and flew in aeroplanes (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters, The Scales of Injustice) and sophisticated spaceships. (TV: Dinosaurs on a Spaceship) Silurians also travelled in cars, ships and submarines. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

They invented candles which could induce lucid dreams, allowing people to communicate across time and space. (TV: The Name of the Doctor) They used sonic lanterns to corral dinosaurs. (TV: Deep Breath)

History Edit

Dominance Edit

The Evolution Episode Vastra ancestor

A primitive ancestor of the Silurians. (PROSE: The Evolution Episode)

The Silurians were the original masters of Earth. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) Both the Silurians and Sea Devils were led by the Triad, their "custodians". (TV: Warriors of the Deep) In the early era of their rule, there were many stories of the rise of their civilisation. One noted legendary warrior chieftain was Masz K'll of the Third Dynasty, who fought against his evil alter-ego, the legendary Two-Faced Lizard. Another figure was Panun E'Ni, who was the leader of the Southern Clan and conquered much of the world, which he ruled cruelly for a brief period until his defeat at the hands of Tun W'lzz. Following that event, the previously imprisoned and cast out tribes came together in a new, more unified civilisation that ate their foes. Whether these were folk stories or historical facts was of no importance to them, as they inspired the Earth Reptiles for a millennium, with many of these writings left within their Hall of Heroes. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

In this era, the Silurians co-existed in groups of clans that lived alongside the original ape primitives that were developing on their planet. As a lesser species, these hominids became the primary livestock of the Silurians. In order to improve their flavour, a Silurian scientist by the name of Tulok began to genetically engineer the apes. This led to a faster breeding cycle as well as intelligence, creating early Homo sapiens. For his genetic crimes, the Silurians banished Tulok and his creations to die in the coming cataclysm. (AUDIO: Bloodtide) These primitive, ape-like men began to hunt in packs and attacked the Silurians. (COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians) They also began to prey on the crops of the Silurians, leading the Earth Reptiles to use plagues to exterminate them. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) The Silurians were also afflicted by the plagues of the red leech. (TV: The Crimson Horror)

At the height of their civilisation, the Silurians lived in cities of metal, and had uncontested dominion over the planet. (COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians) They had as many political factions as mankind would have. (AUDIO: Call to Arms)

However, this era was cut short. Some of their scientists, such as Doctor Wolik, calculated that a small planetoid was destined to draw the atmosphere away from Earth when it passed very close to it, preventing the surface from being breathable, (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters, COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians) wiping out "all life". (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) Others, such as Nagara, believed it to be a simple scare story, while Soron's figures showed it would miss Earth completely, (COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians) although the government had ordered the construction of shelters where Silurians would remain in suspended animation (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters, COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians) when the small planetoid first appeared. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters) The planetoid appeared either two (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters) or twelve years before the great hibernation took place. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) Either way, the hibernation process took a while with different clans, sub-species, and factions hibernating at different times and places. (AUDIO: Call to Arms)

The Third Doctor repeated the claim to Marc Marshall that the Silurians built the shelters when they thought the planet would "suck away" Earth's atmosphere as it rushed by. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) Conversely, the Fifth Doctor recalled that the Silurian astronomers predicted that Earth was about to be "struck" by the planet at the time, (PROSE: Warriors of the Deep) and the Eleventh Doctor described the trajectory of the planet the astronomers had predicted as a "crash course". (TV: Cold Blood) When the planet was days away from causing the calculated catastrophe, the Silurians agreed to take refuge inside their shelters, so their civilisation could survive the coming disaster and reclaim their world once the danger had passed. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters, COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians)

One group of Silurians decided to leave Earth in order to escape the disaster. Boarding the Silurian Ark, a spaceship carrying Silurians and several species of dinosaur, they placed themselves in suspended animation, with the ship programmed to bring them back to Earth long after the effects of the upcoming disaster had dissipated. (TV: Dinosaurs on a Spaceship)

The Silurians were divided on the matter of a mating between the land castes and aquatic castes. Normally, such matings were forbidden, and any offspring were killed along with their parents. However, facing the threat of a global cataclysm, they allowed a colony of such hybrids to remain in their Shelter under the island of L'Ithe. With the rest of the Silurian race, they took part in the great hibernation. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

The Silurians sealed themselves in their underground hibernation units, (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) along with a male and female of all the more useful reptile animals, (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters) and planned to suspend their lives until the atmosphere returned, (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians, COMIC: Twilight of the Silurians) by using a device on the ground above each shelter containing the hibernation units which would automatically trigger a massive amount of electricity to wake the Silurians once the atmosphere returned to normal. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters) However, they were unaware the dangerous planetoid that they predicted would draw away the atmosphere was instead drawn into Earth's orbit and became the Moon. As a result, the Silurians were never revived, as the atmosphere was not drawn away for it to return to the planet. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) Although the atmosphere was never completely drawn off and the creatures on the surface did not suffocate, many mammalian life forms perished, while others survived, due to the great forces caused by the Moon's appearance creating cyclones and tidal waves. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters) During millions of years of hibernation, the reactivation machinery of the hibernation units deteriorated. (TV: The Sea Devils)

Despite their intentions to punish Tulok, the renegade Silurian scientist instead sabotaged a number of the hibernation chambers and destroyed them. (AUDIO: Bloodtide)

The Arkive tried to attract the Silurians to Saturn in order to repair itself. Though the Silurians noticed one of Saturn's moons being destroyed, they were too busy preparing for the disaster to investigate. (PROSE: The Wheel of Ice)

The time of this rule has never been consistently dated.

Awakenings Edit

Over the millions of years since their rule, many of the Silurians' prominent structures such as the Hall of Heroes were lost to erosion and plate movement which erased any traces of their ancient civilisation. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice) After millions of years, some of the Silurian hibernation units were activated and opened.

In 102, a number of Silurians were part of the Alliance of the Doctor's worst enemies that imprisoned the Eleventh Doctor in the Pandorica. (TV: The Pandorica Opens)

Charles Darwin and the HMS Beagle expedition, along with the Sixth Doctor and Evelyn Smythe, encountered a rogue Silurian group in the Galápagos Islands. The leader of this group was Tulok, responsible for creating humanity's prehistoric ancestors via a forbidden breeding program. (AUDIO: Bloodtide)

Prior to 1888, a group of Silurians was awoken by the digging of the London Underground. This led to the death of several navvies. Vastra, a skilled Silurian warrior who had been awoken by their digging, wanted revenge. The Doctor convinced her to live peacefully in London. In 1888 she resided with her human partner Jenny, although she fed on human criminals. Then, she and several of her soldiers were called up by the Doctor to fight at the Battle of Demon's Run. (TV: A Good Man Goes to War) Vastra subsequently became the leader of the Paternoster Gang, protecting the Earth of that era from threats. (TV: The Snowmen, The Crimson Horror, The Name of the Doctor, Deep Breath)

In 1892, the Silurians led by their leader Vekkis found a piece of the Eternity Clock to reclaim Earth. They planned to use the power of the Clock to pump toxin to wipe out the human race. The Eleventh Doctor and River Song destroyed the toxin and took the Eternity Clock. (GAME: The Eternity Clock)

Jules Verne and the Doctor once encountered Silurians and a giant squid. This incident was worked into 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, though the Doctor had some difficulties convincing Jules to remove the parts with the Silurians. (PROSE: Peacemaker)

In 1903, after receiving a wealth of information from the future, Grigori Rasputin saw beings which lived beneath the surface of the Earth. (AUDIO: The Wanderer)

In the late 20th century a group of Silurians were awakened from hibernation by the energy from the nearby nuclear power research centre at Wenley Moor. After disagreement between Okdel L'da and Morka over a course of action, Morka won out, killing Okdel, and the Silurians tried to reclaim the planet from humanity by releasing a deadly virus. This plan was prevented by Dr Liz Shaw of UNIT and the Third Doctor, when they had the cure mass-produced. After this plan was thwarted, they tried using their molecular disperser to destroy Earth's van Allen belt, so that the sun's radiation would burn the humans to death while allowing the cold-blooded Silurians to survive, but Liz and the Doctor stopped them again when they overloaded the disperser and the facility's reactor. Despite the Doctor's best efforts to broker a peaceful solution, the Silurian base was bombed by UNIT by order of Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart. (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians) While the third and eleventh incarnations of the Doctor stated in some accounts that this tribe had all died, (TV: Doctor Who and the Silurians, Cold Blood) according to another account, the Third Doctor said they were only entombed. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

Shortly afterwards, a second base was awoken in Oregon, and was likewise dealt with by UNIT. (PROSE: The Devil Goblins from Neptune)

Following this, the Silurian-Sea Devil hybrids Baal D'jo and Tahni kidnapped the human boy Marc Marshall, and took him to their shelter under the island of L'Ithe to experiment on him. They intended to prolong the hybrids' short lifespan, but Baal later allowed Marc to be returned to the British mainland when Marc's presence in the shelter no longer suited the hybrids. When the shelter's leader Chukk was killed by a C19 agent, Baal and Tahni's power-hungry mother Auggi D'jo took over and intended to take back Earth from humanity. Her fleet was pushed back by UNIT on the Kent coast. Baal and Tahni took over the shelter, while Auggi escaped in her battlecruiser. Liz offered to continue to help the hybrids find a cure for their condition. (PROSE: The Scales of Injustice)

In the aftermath of Wenley Moor, UNIT began a search for any other colonies using a device invented by the Doctor. Mike Yates was involved while Benton trooped around the country. Standard protocols were to keep an eye on the Silurians and make sure they stayed asleep and alive. Some colonies would awaken over time but, when seeing how many humans there were, opt to return to hibernation. (AUDIO: Call to Arms)

In 1983, Sarah Jane Smith and K9, while visiting Warren Martyn's archaeological expedition in Egypt, discovered an underground city of Silurians and Sea Devils. Sarah Jane opened diplomatic relations with them. On her return to England, she contacted the Brigadier, who wished to make amends for his earlier mistakes. (COMIC: City of Devils)

By 2003 there were Silurians serving as part of UNIT, in particular Imorkal, who worked with Liz at Tranquillity Moonbase located on Earth's Moon. (PROSE: Eternity Weeps) Some years later, Sir Alistair helped the Silurians try to finally make peace with the humans, though the general public believed it to be a stunt involving men in rubber suits. (AUDIO: The Coup) Later, the Silurians aided UNIT in finding a cure for a plague. (AUDIO: The Wasting)

In late 2010, a fossilised Silurian egg was discovered by the Pharos Institute. Sarah Jane went to the institute to take a look at it. (TV: SJAF 6)

In the 2010s, a Silurian was a resident of the hidden trap street in London which housed lost aliens on Earth under the protection of Mayor Me. As with the rest of the inhabitants it appeared cloaked in human form through use of the lurkworms. (TV: Face the Raven)

In 2020, a Silurian city in Wales was awoken by a mining trial led by Nasreen Chaudhry and Tony Mack. (TV: The Hungry Earth) The giant drill had attacked the Silurians' oxygen pockets. (TV: Cold Blood) The Silurians took corpses from a graveyard for study, as well as Mo Northover and later Amy Pond as living subjects. Eventually they contained the village in a force field and captured Elliot Northover. Alaya came to the surface and was captured. While the Eleventh Doctor and Nasreen travelled to the Silurian city to negotiate her return for Mo, Elliot and Amy, Alaya was guarded by Tony, Rory Williams and Ambrose Northover. (TV: The Hungry Earth) The Eleventh Doctor and Nasreen were captured, while Amy and Mo escaped. After an abortive rescue attempt, the Doctor was able to convince the Silurian leader, Eldane, to negotiate with Amy and Nasreen for the future of both their races. Back on the surface, Ambrose tried to help her family and threatened Alaya, accidentally killing her just as the group were summoned to the city. She also set the drill to start burrowing again in fifteen minutes. Alaya's death, and Ambrose's threat to the city, was received badly, especially by Alaya's sister, Restac, who tried to kill all the humans in retribution. Eldane managed to lead the Doctor and his friends to a laboratory. He released a deadly gas into the city, forcing Restac's troops to return to their hibernation. The Doctor stopped the drilling by destroying the drill with an energy pulse, which also sealed off the city in a cave-in. The timer was set for a thousand years to permit a second chance at negotiation. (TV: Cold Blood)

Circa 2084, a group of Silurians allied themselves with the Sea Devils to invade Sea Base 4. They attempted to launch nuclear weapons to provoke a war between the two major power blocs. They were killed when the Fifth Doctor, perceiving no more peaceful option, flooded the base with hexachromite gas in order to kill them. (TV: Warriors of the Deep)

Post-contact Edit

At some point after the 2084 incident, a human colony faced a devastating war against the Earth Reptiles. Humans developed a doomsday device which they placed in a base around the moon colony, designed to scour the surface of the satellite. To combat this, the Earth Reptiles dispatched Quarra to infiltrate the base and take it over. However, she was unaware of an entertainer called Jen Yates who was not on the crew count, and this last survivor managed to activate the weapon, killing everyone in the colony. Though Quarra killed Jen, the shock of the event led to Quarra taking on the entertainer's personality to shield her from the truth. She believed that she was now human and that she was guarding the weapon alone in case the Earth Reptiles won the war. After a visit by the Seventh Doctor, Quarra remembered the past and killed herself by walking onto the surface of the moon without a spacesuit. (PROSE: Cold War)

In 2367, Solomon sent a distress signal to the Silurian Ark. Realising that there were valuable dinosaurs on board, he and his robots slaughtered the Silurian crew. Unable to pilot the ship to his destination as it required two pilots with the same gene-chain, the Ark headed back to Earth where it was detected by the ISA. The Doctor formed a gang to investigate the ship after learning of the situation and to save the ship from being shot down by the ISA. As the ship came under threat of destruction, it was piloted to safety by Brian and Rory Williams who had the same gene-chain as they were father and son while the missiles were tricked into destroying Solomon's ship instead. In the aftermath, the dinosaurs were taken from the Ark and transported to a new home on Siluria by the Doctor and Brian. (TV: Dinosaurs on a Spaceship)

By the 26th century, the inter-species conflicts appeared to have come to an end. Silurians and Sea Devils were accepted into Earth society, and the term "Earth Reptile" was apparently popularised among humans. (PROSE: Love and War)

During the 29th century, when solar flares were threatening to engulf the Earth, the Silurians built a spacecraft, surreptitiously attaching it to the bottom of the humans' own. After takeoff, a Dalek attack caused the Silurian ship to break away from the humans. (GAME: Evacuation Earth)

In the 30th century, the Earth Reptiles were part of the Earth Empire, considered full members of the government as an Earthborn species. (PROSE: So Vile a Sin)

One thousand years after the encounter at Cwmtaff, Eldane's clan were scheduled to reawaken and unite with humanity and their Earth Reptile cousins. (TV: Cold Blood)

In the 32nd century, it became illegal to trade in Earth Reptile pituitary analogue extract on the planet Dramos. (PROSE: Burning Heart)

In 3110, a Silurian was running the Musée d'Orsay when the Eleventh Doctor visited it. (PROSE: The War of Art)

Around the 52nd century, a group of armed Silurian warriors resembling those from Wales were called upon by the Eleventh Doctor to help him in the Battle of Demon's Run to rescue Amy Pond. Many of these Silurians were killed by the Headless Monks. (TV: A Good Man Goes to War)

In the 67th century, a Wenley Moor-type Silurian appeared among the Perils of the Constant Division listed in a vid-briefing aboard the hospital ship Tsuranga. (TV: The Tsuranga Conundrum)

In the 91st century, a Silurian actor starred as the protagonist of a film adaptation of H. G. Wells' The Time Machine spoken in haiku. (PROSE: Synthespians™)

In the 101st century, the Earth Reptiles were part of the Union. (PROSE: The Crystal Bucephalus)

Undated events Edit

Surfshock

A Silurian on Beachelguese. (COMIC: Surfshock)

Destiny of the silurians

A Silurian in the TARDIS. (GAME: Destiny of the Doctors)

Alliance of Races

The Alliance of Races. (COMIC: Gangland)

Alternate histories Edit

Parallel dimensions Edit

When Avalon was created as a shelter for the Catuvellauni, some Silurians were unintentionally brought there as well. Their descendants were known as the Fair Folk. (PROSE: The Shadows of Avalon)

The Silurians of Mondas Edit

Main article: Lizard King

Lizard Kings were the Mondasian counterparts of the Silurians, much as humans and the Mondasians were identical. (COMIC: The Dead Heart)

References Edit

Behind the scenes Edit

Dating issue Edit

The era of the Silurians have never been consistently or clearly dated.

  • In the television story Doctor Who and the Silurians, the Silurians were seen to have a globe from some point before the Great Continental Drift of 200 million years ago, which was the late Triassic period. In the same scene, the Third Doctor discovered calculations about the age of the Earth inside Dr Quinn's office with particular reference to the Silurian era (roughly 440 million to 415 million years ago).
  • Narration in the novelisation Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters mentions that the sunset Okdel L'da sees before going into hibernation was "the last time he was to see the sun for a hundred million years".
  • The Third Doctor mused in the television story The Sea Devils that the Eocene period (roughly 55 million to 35 million years ago) would have been a more accurate dating, although this was after the dinosaurs (which the Silurians were shown using) were believed to have become extinct.
  • In the television story The Hungry Earth, the Eleventh Doctor told Alaya that she was "300 million years outside of your comfort zone", which would place them around the late Carboniferous, although later in the same episode he referenced that they were sometimes called Eocenes.
  • In the television story Dinosaurs on a Spaceship, the dinosaurs in the Silurian Ark are native to the Cretaceous period. On the other hand, the novel Blood Heat shows the Silurians bringing back extinct species from numerous time periods.
  • Silurians tended to make references to early apes, which are believed to have evolved at some point between 40 and 15 million years ago, or the late Eocene to the Miocene period. Mammalian pets of the Silurians, which eventually evolved into humans, are also depicted in the prologue of the Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters novelisation.
  • The novel The Quantum Archangel suggests that the Moon was orbiting the Earth before 150 million years ago, which means the Silurians ruled before the Jurassic.
  • The novel The Wheel of Ice states that the Silurians were preparing for the disaster 50 million years ago, again placing them in the Eocene.
  • However, the television story Kill the Moon (set in 2049) has the Twelfth Doctor describe the Moon as a "little planetoid that's been tagging along beside [the human race] for a hundred million years", which would mean the Silurians placed themselves into suspended animation during the Cretaceous period.
  • The television story The Crimson Horror has a species from the same era, the red leech. Madame Vastra states that she last saw one 65 million years before 1893, while the Eleventh Doctor plans to return it to the Jurassic period.
  • In the comic story The Crystal Throne, Madame Vastra tells Lady Cornelia Basildon-Stone that she learnt to fight while the human race "still had tails".
  • The bookazine TEDW 5 claims the Silurians ruled during the late Cretaceous era, and the planetoid that approached the Earth caused the Silurian Ark to leave Earth, and the Silurians that were left behind to hide to go into hibernation, "circa 65,000,000 BC".
  • The audio story The Cars That Ate London! has Jenny Flint claiming that Vastra was born 65 million years before the 19th century.

Naming issue Edit

Another name given in Blood Heat, Psionosauropodamorphae, translates as psychic lizard-foot shaped. This may be intended to suggest a connection between the Silurians and the sauropod family of dinosaurs, though this seems unlikely given the near-total lack of physical resemblance and the comparatively small cerebral capacity of most sauropod dinosaurs. Homo reptilia, one of the suggested names used in Doctor Who and the Cave-Monsters, City of Devils, The Hungry Earth / Cold Blood and Dinosaurs on a Spaceship, cannot be a scientific term. The rules governing the use of genera prevent any two separate groups within a kingdom (i.e. animals) from using the same genus.

References in other media Edit

External links Edit

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