A scholar was an individual interested in learning.
Scholar was a caste in the Silurian caste system, existing as a distinct subspecies. Indeed, the warrior Vastra immediately identified the corpse of such a Silurian as a scholar. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)
In June 325, the Fifth Doctor, Peri Brown and Erimem attended the Council of Nicaea, a meeting of Christian scholars. (AUDIO: The Council of Nicaea)
The Greek scholar and mathematician Hypatia was one of the geniuses kidnapped by The Rani to help create her time brain. (TV: Time and the Rani)
Professor Lazlo Zemar met Bernice Summerfield whilst he was a visiting scholar to the library planet Sentarion. (PROSE: Shakedown)
Goddard Schofield was a Bible scholar and historian who was part of one of the two 2003 expeditions to discover the location of Noah's Ark. (PROSE: Eternity Weeps)
Four Scholars of the University of Rago Rago 56 Rago visited Platform One at the end of the world in the year 5,000,000,000, as a result of their twenty-seven A++ scores at the Rago University. (TV: The End of the World)