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Rosa was the third episode of series 11 of Doctor Who.

Set just prior to Rosa Parks' arrest for refusing to surrender her seat to a white passenger, this story dealt with heavy themes, and included blatant depictions of racism, mainly directed at the Doctor's companions Ryan and Yaz.

Synopsis Edit

Attempting to return home to Sheffield, the TARDIS instead drops the Thirteenth Doctor and friends in 1955 Alabama, where somebody is planning on meddling with time. Meeting seamstress Rosa Parks, the Doctor and her friends must work together to correct the flow of time and keep events in order before things go horribly wrong.

Plot Edit

It is 1943, Alabama in America. Rosa Parks is boarding a bus on her way home from work. She pays the fee and begins heading to the already crowded back of the bus, where "coloured" people are forced to sit while white people sit at the front. However, the driver stops her, telling Rosa to get off and get on through the back door. Rosa tells the driver she believes that she shouldn't have to use the front door to pay for her ride, and then get off the bus only to enter through the back door; in short its a waste of time for African-Americans. The driver ignorantly shouts for her to get off, making Rosa lose her grip on her purse. She sits down in the White's Only section, but only to pick up her purse. She coldly tells the driver that he better not hit her. He yells for her to get off the bus. She complies and gets off to use the back door; however, the driver leaves without her.

In 1955, the Thirteenth Doctor lands her TARDIS in Alabama, remarking to Graham, Ryan and Yaz that their location is not Sheffield as planned for the ninth time. Graham corrects her it was the fourteenth attempt. However, the Doctor deduces they have come to their new location - Alabama - as there is artron energy soaking up the city.

Exiting the TARDIS, they wander around, the Doctor scanning the surroundings with her sonic screwdriver for traces of artron. While walking, a woman drops her glove. Ryan notices, picks it up and goes to return it to her. Upon touching her arm, the woman's husband, Mr Steele, strikes Ryan in the face, warning Ryan not to touch his wife again. The Doctor, Graham and Yaz race to help. Mr Steele insults Ryan, the Doctor recalling the racial discrimination present in America against coloured people. Graham defends Ryan, who remarks he was only returning the glove. Disgusted by Graham being Ryan's "grandfather", Steele begins to escalate the situation when a woman interjects, calming the man by promising to have his new suit tailored for him soon. With that, Mr Steele departs with his wife. The group thank her, who proceeds to chide them, telling them how people like Ryan and herself are discriminated, baffled the group do not recall what happened to Emmett Till. She introduces herself as Rosa Parks, much to their hidden amazement.

Rosa leaves, the Doctor quickly scanning her, finding artron energy is flooding around her. Meanwhile, a man in leather finds the Doctor's TARDIS. Unable to get in, he blasts it with an energy weapon only to find it further shielded. Disgruntled, he leaves it be.

Elsewhere, the Doctor and the gang convene at Slim's Bar. There, Ryan and Yaz discuss learning about Rosa Parks at school, awed by the fact she refused to give up her seat on a bus on 1 December 1955, resulting in her arrest and the subsequent Montgomery Bus Boycott, an event that led to the end of racial segregation on public transport in America. Reading a newspaper, the Doctor corrects them that Rosa has yet to commit her act of; the date in question is tomorrow. Concerned, the group wonder what to do. However, Graham notes how silent the diner has become. Looking around, the other customers are staring at them. A waitress walks over, stating to Ryan they don't serve "negroes" or "Mexicans" (referring to Yaz). Realising the diner also enforces racial segregation, the group leave, disgusted. Ryan complains that he has travelled in time to the one place he is hated most in time.

Searching, the group find hidden technology in a warehouse. Scanning it, the Doctor finds it is from the far future, meaning another time traveller is present. On cue, the man in leather comes in and starts firing at them with his weapon. The group flee outside as materials in the room disappear.

They find that man on top of a fuel tank. The Doctor meets up with him and finds that his "weapon" is a temporal displacement device, a device that sends things forwards or back in time. The man says that she has a TARDIS, a valuable time machine that's worth a lot of money. The Doctor then points out that he has a vortex manipulator, a human time travel device from the future. The Doctor asks what he wants with Rosa Parks. He lies and pretends to not know who she is. He tells her to get out of Montgomery, or he will kill her. Tranquilly upset, she tells him not to threaten her. They part. When Yaz asks if they are leaving, the Doctor says "Not in a million years."

The group take refuge at a whites-only motel instead, where the Doctor proceeds to write on the wall to figure out everything they need to know about the incident of Rosa Parks, to Graham's annoyance. However, they were followed by a police officer, who knocks on the door. Erasing the writing with her sonic and locking Ryan and Yaz in the bathroom (as they are not legally allowed to be there) the officer comes in to search the room as the Doctor and Graham make up a story that they are inventors pitching a new idea while in town as their reason for being there. Unconvinced, the officer enters the bathroom but Ryan and Yaz are gone. Disgruntled, he leaves. Outside the back, Ryan and Yaz are hidden behind a dumpster, both irritated they have to hide because of their skin colour. Ryan remarks how it is worse than back home, where he says he is stopped while driving more than his white friends. Yaz agrees, noting how some people call her a "Paki" while being a police officer and terrorist for going to a Mosque. The Doctor and Graham return, calling them back in.

They then continue on with their written problems. The Doctor sonics the words back into existence. Graham says that according to Grace, James Blake is the name of the bus driver that demanded that Rosa should give her seat up. They decide to commence Operation: Rosa Parks. Outside, Ryan collects bus timetables. At the same time, Yasmin goes finding an advert for the place that Rosa Parks works at. Travelling on the bus, the Doctor and Graham enter through the whites' door, while Ryan, to his dismay, goes through the coloureds' door. Yaz, strangely, is allowed to go through the whites' door. This makes her question her place in society. Soon, later at night, Rosa comes onto the bus. They do a discussion with her, saying that they are doing market research for bus companies and doing a raffle for it. Rosa says she gets this bus every day, most times. Soon, the bus arrives at Rosa's stop. Ryan decides to follow her. Graham decides to find James Blake and Yaz decides to find a bus timetable. The Doctor, meanwhile, is ready to find the man from the future she met earlier.

However, Rosa knows that Ryan is behind her. Ryan says that he wants to help. When he is accused of being part of the police or FBI, Ryan counters that if he was, he'd be better at sneaking up and not have a British accent. He also points out that judging by how everyone acts, there aren't any coloureds working for either. So Rosa asks him one question; "You any good at servin' coffee?"

Meanwhile, the Doctor meets the man at the bus work shed. The Doctor tricks him into zapping his equipment back to the man's home time, the 79th century. The Doctor says she identifies his tattoo, saying he was a prisoner of Stormcage, the same prison that the Doctor's wife was once imprisoned in. The man admits he was in there for massacring 2000 people. It's then revealed that he has a neural restrictor in his brain, explaining why he couldn't just kill her. To test it, the Doctor destroys his vortex manipulator. No matter how hard he tries, he can't strangle her. The Doctor is puzzled on how the man can go about changing history. He says that tiny actions change the world. He introduces himself as Krasko, a name the Doctor doesn't like. She gives him one warning to go somewhere else and catch a break. He refuses. Both walk off, the Doctor taking the temporal displacement weapon with her.

At Rosa's home, Ryan meets Rosa's Youth Council, consisting of Mr. Parks, Fred Gray and, to his amazement, Martin Luther King. In surprise, Ryan says that his nan loves him, confusing him a bit. When asked if she attend Dexter Avenue, Ryan says no and she died recently. King he is says sorry for his loss. Ryan says it's okay, his nan would be very pleased to hear him say that. Rosa reminds him to make the coffee he said he'd make, which he's eager to do.

This time being allowed in (due to Yaz and Ryan not being there), Graham goes to Slim's Bar and finds James Blake. He plays pool with him as they discuss their jobs. Blake is surprised to hear that England doesn't involve segregation on buses, not knowing he's talking about the 21st century. James then says that he's not going to work tomorrow. He's going fishing at Mill Creek, much to Graham's confusion. The rota was changed by "a man from the depot".

Outside Rosa's house, Ryan says that it's been good to meet them and he didn't know what he wanted. He tells Rosa that it's worth the fight and Ryan thanks her as he leaves, despite Rosa saying she didn't do anything.

Back in the motel, the Doctor scans the temporal displacement device. Graham gives them information of Blake taking tomorrow off, which didn't happen. Another bus driver named Elias Griffin Junior is doing it instead. The Doctor then realises that Krasko is not planning on killing. He's planning to prevent Rosa Parks being arrested so that it doesn't happen. So they have to make sure that James Blake is the one who drives that bus. So they have to get Elias Griffin Jr out of the way and get James Blake back on duty.

Going to Elias Griffin Jr's house, the Doctor and Yaz congratulate him on "winning" a Raffle of the Century and the prize is an all expenses paid trip to Las Vegas, and meet Frank Sinatra himself. But he has to leave now, and they his company's already assigned someone to cover him. A taxi will be coming in 30 minutes, so he and his wife better get packing. Excited, he starts. Leaving, the Doctor says that despite her words, Elvis Presley lent a mobile to Frank Sinatra. They now have to stick to Rosa, so the Doctor tears her coat for Rosa to repair.

At Mill Creek, Graham and Ryan find Blake at the creek. James is horrified at seeing Ryan and is shocked Graham calling Ryan his grandson, but he stops paying attention to that when Graham says that a group of black passengers were planning a sit-in across all the bus routes tonight. Furious, Blake packs up his things and goes back to work. Graham and Ryan then start fishing, but Ryan refuses to fist-bump Graham.

At Rosa's sewing job, the Doctor hands Rosa her coat and Rosa confirms she'll fix it right before she closes. Yaz stays behind to keep Rosa company.

Unfortunately, Blake is dismayed that he finds his bus wrecked. Krasko, in disguise, tells him he can go home and his shift is cancelled. Ryan and Graham, nearby, realize that Krasko is one step ahead of them. The Doctor comes to them. She tells Ryan to check every bus stop along Blake's route and tell the passengers that the bus is coming. Graham stays and decides to get a replacement bus. They pick up James and get him to drive and do his job.

Rosa discusses with Yaz that she originally wanted to be a teacher, but lost her mother and grandmother. So she educated herself. Yaz says it's worth the fight and she got to be a police officer, to Rosa's surprise. Then her attention is given to the time; 5:39. Yaz tries to convince her to take the bus, just as Rosa finished fixing the Doctor's coat.

The Doctor and Graham panic, seeing there aren't that many white passengers on the bus than there should be. Meanwhile, Ryan is having a difficult time convincing people to wait due to his skin colour. He then runs into Krasko, who is blocking the road with a car. Krasko taunts Ryan, saying that the bus is three passengers short, and therefore "[his] kind" won't get above themselves. Having enough of Krasko, Ryan pulls out his temporal displacement weapon and sends Krasko as far back through time as he can, stranding him in the distant past. He then moves the car out of the way.

Yaz and Rosa arrive on the bus, giving the Doctor her coat back. Ryan then boards on the front and tell the group what happened to Krasko, before being told by James (ignoring his conversation) to use the coloureds door, which he does. The bus moves on. Graham asks if that's that. The Doctor counts the white passengers. At the next bus stop, Empire Theatre, people start boarding.

When Graham stands up, a woman sits where he used to. To their confusion, the Doctor says that they can't leave. Every white person on the bus is seated, except Graham. That's when they realise that Graham is the passenger that Rosa Parks refused to give her seat up to. Graham, now distressed, says that he doesn't want to be part of this. But it's too late. James asks the coloured people to give up their seats. Two black women and a black man move to the back.

However, Rosa, possibly recognising Blake from 1943, just sits back down. James gets up and moves a Whites sign up to the row in front, viciously asking if she's going to stand up. Rosa says she doesn't think that she has to. He yells the same question, and she replies with a quiet "no". James tells her if she doesn't, she'll be arrested. After a pause, she says he might as well do that.

Baffled at first, James gets serious and goes over to a telephone kiosk to call the police. Eventually, the police come and take Rosa Parks away. She looks at the Doctor, Yaz and Graham one last time, looking at her devastated, before giving a little nod to them as she leaves to go to prison. She won't forget them.

Back in the TARDIS, the Doctor explains to her companions that on December 5, the boycotts begin. Across Montgomery, people refuse to use the buses as a response to Rosa's arrest. On December 21, 1956, segregation on buses in Montgomery was banned. However, life was still hard on Rosa, as she and her husband both lost their jobs in response to what happened on the bus, but despite this they never gave up their fight. In June 1999, Rosa received the Congressional Medal from Bill Clinton, the highest award given to any civilian, recognising Rosa Parks as a living icon for freedom. Ryan was sad it took her whole life, but the Doctor adds that while she changed the world, she also changed the universe. To prove it, she opens the TARDIS doors to reveal... Asteroid 284996, nicknamed Rosaparks. The group look at it in amazement.

Cast Edit

Crew Edit

General production staff

Script department

Camera and lighting department

Art department

Costume department

Make-up and prosthetics

Movement

Casting

General post-production staff

Special and visual effects

Sound


South Africa crew
General production staff

Art department

Camera and lighting department
Costume

Hair and make-up

Sound

Not every person who worked on this adventure was credited. The absence of a credit for a position doesn't necessarily mean the job wasn't required. The information above is based solely on observations of the actual end credits of the episodes as broadcast, and does not relay information from IMDB or other sources.


References Edit

People Edit

History/Events Edit

Derogatory terms Edit

  • Yaz has previously been called a "Paki" and a "terrorist" because of her religion and her background.
  • Black people are often referred to, in 1955 Alabama, as "negroes" or "coloureds". Mason refer to Ryan and Yaz as "mongrels"

Foods and beverages Edit

Locations Edit

Businesses Edit

Technology Edit

Story notes Edit

Ratings Edit

  • 6.39 million (UK overnight)[4]
  • 8.37 million (UK final)[5]
  • 9.01 million (UK 28 day consolidated rating)[6]

Filming locations Edit

Production errors Edit

  • Olga FitzRoy's name is incorrectly written in the end credits as 'Olga FitxRoy'.
  • When Ryan is forced to use the back door of the bus, he enters using the backdoor, but behind him we see the inside of the front of the bus.
If you'd like to talk about narrative problems with this story — like plot holes and things that seem to contradict other stories — please go to this episode's discontinuity discussion.

Continuity Edit

Home video releases Edit

DVD releases Edit

to be added

Blu-ray releases Edit

to be added

Digital releases Edit

to be added

External links Edit

to be added

Footnotes Edit

  1. Doctor Who was filming near you. The Citizen (9 October 2018). Retrieved on 22 October 2018.
  2. Filmography. Out of Africa. Retrieved on 22 October 2018.
  3. Oprah Talks to Muhammad AliRetrieved October 25, 2018.
  4. Doctor Who Ratings overnight
  5. Final week ratings
  6. Ratings after 28 days