Robert Holmes (2 April 1926-24 May 1986) was script editor of Doctor Who from 1975 to 1977 and the author of more scripts for the 20th-century incarnation of the programme than any other writer (64 episodes in all). (INFO: The Sun Makers) He created or reimagined many key elements of the programme's mythology. Holmes had the uncredited role of a past incarnation of the Doctor in The Brain of Morbius.
Holmes was, at the end of World War II, the youngest serving officer in the British Army. He became a police officer, graduating top of his class. He grew disillusioned with the job and became a journalist. By the 1960s he had branched out into writing screenplays for films and television series. In 1968 he received his first commission for Doctor Who. Over the next few years, he became one of the series' lead writers.
In anticipation of Terrance Dicks leaving the show, Holmes was assigned uncredited script editing duties in 1973 during the last few Jon Pertwee stories. When Dicks resigned as script editor in 1974, Holmes took over the position. He continued to write scripts. After leaving the post, he wrote a few more before taking an extended break from the series. In 1983, as one of the series' most celebrated writers, Holmes was the first person asked to write the twentieth anniversary special, The Five Doctors. He declined but expressed an interest in writing for the series again.
Over the next three years Holmes contributed several scripts and was heavily involved in the planning of Season 23. However, his health had arguably been declining since the turn of the 1980s, and midway into 1986, Holmes fell seriously ill. He tried to pen a rough draft for the last story of Colin Baker's post-hiatus season, but it became increasingly difficult for him to work as his condition worsened. Robert Holmes turned progressively weaker and less coherent, eventually succumbing to his infirmity near the end of May. He passed away before he completed the script for The Ultimate Foe and the planned ending of the story was altered.
After his death, his estate licensed the Autons and the Sontarans for use in independent video spin-off productions by Reeltime Pictures and BBV Productions, most notably for the Auton Trilogy and Shakedown: Return of the Sontarans. Since 2005 the revived Doctor Who has featured the Autons in Rose, and the Sontarans in the two-parter The Sontaran Stratagem/The Poison Sky, A Good Man Goes To War and two two-part storylines in The Sarah Jane Adventures, The Last Sontaran and Enemy of the Bane. They both appeared in The Pandorica Opens.
In 2009, Doctor Who Magazine conducted a reader's poll that named Holmes' The Caves of Androzani the best Doctor Who story of all time.
Contributions to the mythos
Major characters and concepts created for or debuting in a Robert Holmes script include:
- The Krotons
- The Third Doctor
- Liz Shaw
- The Nestene Consciousness and the Autons
- Time Lords having two hearts.
- The Master
- Jo Grant
- Mike Yates
- Sarah Jane Smith
- Gallifrey - First identified as the homeworld of the Time Lords in The Time Warrior. It had previously been seen but not named.
- The Sontarans
- The 12-regeneration and 13-incarnation limit for Time Lords.
- The Matrix
- The Eye of Harmony
- The Shobogans
- Romana I
- The Key to Time
- The White Guardian
- The Valeyard
- Sabalom Glitz
- The Krotons
- The Space Pirates
- Spearhead from Space
- Terror of the Autons
- Carnival of Monsters
- The Time Warrior
- The Ark in Space - based on a script by John Lucarotti
- Pyramids of Mars - credited as Stephen Harris, based on a script by Lewis Greifer
- The Brain of Morbius - credited as Robin Bland, based on a script by Terrance Dicks
- The Deadly Assassin
- The Talons of Weng-Chiang
- The Sun Makers
- The Ribos Operation
- The Power of Kroll
- The Caves of Androzani
- The Two Doctors
- The Mysterious Planet
- The Ultimate Foe - first episode (The Trial of a Time Lord Episode 13) only
- Robert Holmes was also commissioned to write Yellow Fever and How to Cure It for the original season 23 but this story was never made. Apparently it would have been set in Singapore and featured the Master and the Nestenes.
- Doctor Who and the Time Warrior - prologue only
- The Two Doctors
- The Doctor Who File - contributor, non-fiction
- Internet Movie Database at the