A puppet government was a government that exercised little or no real authority, with the real power being held by others.
Japan established the puppet government of Manchukuo, ruled by the ousted Chinese Emperor Pu Yi, after invading the north-eastern Chinese province of Manchuria in 1931. (PROSE: The Shadow of Weng-Chiang)
The Fourth Doctor claimed that Professor Kellman would become a puppet dictator of the solar system under the Cybermen once they invaded. However, the Cyber-Leader had no intention of fulfilling this term of their alliance, while Kellman was working against them as a Vogan double agent anyway. (TV: Revenge of the Cybermen)
The government of Winter was essentially a puppet of the Dalek Empire, with the Grand Marshall of Winter willingly deceiving their own people into serving the Daleks. (AUDIO: The Dalek Occupation of Winter)
Alternate timelines Edit
In an alternate timeline in which Nazi Germany won World War II, Occupied Britain became a puppet state run by a National Socialist Parliament under Oswald Mosley, and King Edward VIII returned to the throne. The real UK government set itself up in exile in Canada. (PROSE: Timewyrm: Exodus)