The Nazis, short for National Socialist German Workers Party, Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (PROSE: Just War) or NSDAP, (AUDIO: The Alchemists) were a racist, fascist, (TV: Let's Kill Hitler) and expansionist (TV: The Empty Child, Victory of the Daleks, PROSE: Illegal Alien, One Wednesday Afternoon) political party in Germany.
The Nazis were influenced first by the Timewyrm, who took up residence in Adolf Hitler's mind, and then the War Chief and the War Lords, who detected the Timewyrm's psychic powers within him and hoped to use him to conquer the universe. The Seventh Doctor, by becoming a personal advisor to Hitler, was able to first expose the machinations of the War Lords and later expel the Timewyrm (which left Hitler disorientated enough to allow the Dunkirk evacuation). (PROSE: Timewyrm: Exodus)
The Nazis gained popularity by feeding on the discontent caused by the indignities and troubles suffered by Germany after World War I. The SA, Hitler's private army, effectively replaced Germany's police force, suppressing subversive elements and restoring law and order. After having stood in two elections in five months no one managed to win a majority, relying instead on coalitions. Hitler eventually seized power by the end of January. The First Doctor and Susan Foreman felt that if interwar Germany was more economically stable, the Nazis may not have come to power. (AUDIO: The Alchemists)
In 1936, Nazi sympathisers, including King Edward VIII and Sir Oswald Mosley, attempted a coup to place a Nazi-friendly government in charge of Great Britain, but were foiled by the Sixth Doctor and Peri Brown. (PROSE: Players)
World War II
In 1938, the Nemesis statue influenced Hitler to annex Austria. (TV: Silver Nemesis) This event was later considered by some to be the start of the War, although open hostilities did not begin until the invasion of Poland in 1939.
In 1940, after the British refused to make peace with Germany after the latter had occupied France shortly after the Battle of Dunkirk, (AUDIO: Human Conflict) and with the Nazi land forces unable to conduct a land invasion because of Britain's Royal Navy, the Nazi German Air Force (called the Luftwaffe) began an air campaign against the Royal Air Force, known as the Battle of Britain. Combat primarily occurred over the English Channel between Britain's Spitfires and Hurricanes against Germany's Messerschmitts. (PROSE: /Carpenter/Butterfly/Baronet) The campaign was designed to establish air superiority over the British and destroy their defences in order to pave way for the Nazi's planned land invasion on the United Kingdom, Operation Sealion. (AUDIO: Their Finest Hour) Despite heavy casualties, (AUDIO: Their Finest Hour) the British repelled the Luftwaffe's attack. (PROSE: /Carpenter/Butterfly/Baronet)
Having failed to establish air superiority, the Nazis turned to a terror bombing campaign known as the Blitz. The Doctor and his companions were involved in the Blitz a number of times, although rarely engaging the Nazis any more directly than through their bombs. (TV: The Empty Child, Captain Jack Harkness, Victory of the Daleks) That too eventually failed. (TV: The Doctor Dances, PROSE: Exodus) Furthermore, by 1941, the Nazis had been prevented from successfully invading Britain by the Shakers, who conducted a terrorist war against German forces as part of a secret agreement with a faction of the British government. (PROSE: Losing the Audience)
Despite this, they were able to launch a scaled-back version of Operation Sealion and conquer the Channel Islands. From there, they intended to use Hartung's weapon to force an Allied surrender. Although accounts differ, either Chris Cwej and Roz Forrester (PROSE: Just War) or Bernice Summerfield and Jason Kane (AUDIO: Just War) managed to destroy the bomber.
During the war, the Amulet of the Wastelands came into the possession of Sir Davenport Finch, a fascist collaborator and occultist under house arrest in Sussex. He intended to pass it to Ernst Littmann, a Nazi wizard who could use it to help the Third Reich to win the Second World War, although Littmann was a fabrication of Germany's Littmann Gambit. (AUDIO: Operation: Hellfire)
In one instance, an attempted invasion by the Cybermen, using the Blitz as a cover, led the Seventh Doctor, Ace, and an American private detective to expose secret Nazi operatives within Britain. (PROSE: Illegal Alien)
In 1941, a group of Nazis led by Koenig attempted to use a device which would block British radio signals, allowing German ships to attack without being detected. The plan was foiled by George Woods and the time-travelling Clyde Langer. (TV: Lost in Time)
In January 1942, Nazis in France forced Professor Pierre Vedrun to develop a matter transporter for their war effort. When they found out the transporter was also a time machine, they planned to use the device to acquire future weapons and use them to win the war. The plan was defeated by the Third Doctor and the French Resistance. (COMIC: Timebenders)
In Paris, 1943, the Spy Master used a perception filter to pose as a Nazi officer as part of his plot to help the Kasaavin collect data from various people who were important to the development of computers on Earth. (TV: Spyfall)
During the height of the War, both the Sixth Doctor with Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart (PROSE: The Shadow in the Glass) and the Seventh Doctor with Ace (PROSE: Timewyrm: Exodus) met repeatedly with Hitler and other high Nazi officials.
In 1944, the Seventh Doctor and Ace arrived at Colditz Castle, a Nazi POW camp, and accidentally left behind a laser, which allowed the Nazis to turn defeat into victory and conquer most of the world. (AUDIO: Colditz) In this alternate timeline, the Nazis captured the TARDIS. Elizabeth Klein, an ardent Nazi, brought the TARDIS back to 1944 and inadvertently allowed the Eighth Doctor to restore history, stranding her in the prime reality. (AUDIO: Klein's Story) Klein subsequently became a companion to the Seventh Doctor, but plotted to restore her original timeline. The final outcome of a series of manipulations led to Elizabeth Klein the Nazi being replaced by Elizabeth Klein the UNIT hero. (AUDIO: A Thousand Tiny Wings, Survival of the Fittest, The Architects of History)
In another alternate timeline dubbed "Germany Alpha", the Nazis were totally victorious over the whole world, having had all their enemies "sent East". Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun had conceived a child, August. The Great House Mirraflex sent a Cwej-Prime called "Herr Abschrift" to this timeline to offer these Nazis the ability to travel to other Earths throughout the multiverse, leading to the Council of Hitlers and the Greater German Reich which spanned thousands of universes. However, this Reich fell under the combined forces of the Empire of Empires, led by Marcus Americanius Scriptor from Roma I, with the support of Faction Paradox and possible enemy agents. (PROSE: Warlords of Utopia)
- Main article: Neo-Nazi
In 1983, neo-Nazis firebombed the home of Ace's friend Manisha Purkayastha because she was from Pakistan. Thinking about this, Ace later lamented how Nazi ideologies had managed to survive beyond the Second World War. (PROSE: Illegal Alien, TV: Ghost Light)
In 1988, a neo-Nazi group led by De Flores attempted to take control of the Nemesis statue and use it to establish a Fourth Reich, but they were foiled by the Seventh Doctor and Ace. De Flores' and his group themselves were wiped out by the Isomorph Cybermen. (TV: Silver Nemesis)
In 2001, another neo-Nazi organisation, led by Adolf Hitler, Jr., pretending to be his father preserved by stolen Vvormak technology, planned to conquer the world with the help of demonic imps, but this plan was foiled by the Sixth Doctor and the Brigadier. (PROSE: The Shadow in the Glass)
Professor Jason Clearfield made contact with various neo-Nazi groups during his post-war quest to track down Die Glocke. He eventually found it around 2014, and also gained access to Nazi gold stockpiled by neo-Nazis to make his research financially viable. (PROSE: The Crawling Terror)
In 2593, on Tyler's Folly, Bernice Summerfield encountered the SSSSSSS ("Stella Stora Sigma Schutz-Staffel SturmSoldaten") which was considered the most ineffective Nazi group since the Outer Hebridean National Party. (PROSE: Down)
Behind the scenes
- Terry Nation modelled the Daleks in part on the Nazis, and in particular drew inspiration from them in developing Kaled society for Genesis of the Daleks.