Native American, also known as Red Indians, (TV: An Unearthly Child) was a general term for humans who were generally agreed to be the original inhabitants of North America. A racial more than a singular cultural identity, Native Americans were further subdivided into tribes or nations. Despite many significant differences between the tribes, some cultural commonalities were apparent, such as a general religious belief in the Great Spirit, and a naming convention that tended to award metaphorical names to people. (PROSE: Peacemaker)

Furthermore, most Native American tribes were in some way defined by their opposition to European Americans. Many groups, such as the Lakota Sioux were often involved in armed conflict against the US Army, particularly as the power of the United States government stretched westward in the 19th century. (COMIC: Bad Blood)

The First Doctor said that "Red Indians" had "savage minds". (TV: "An Unearthly Child") He later became a legendary figure amongst Native Americans. In his eighth incarnation, he provided counsel to Sitting Bull prior to and after the Battle of Bull Run. (COMIC: Bad Blood) His tenth incarnation was "proud to say [he was] a friend to all tribes", and certainly impressed Walking Crow with his knowledge of the Pawnee tribe. In fact, the Doctor claimed to be generally known to Native Americans as "Rides In Night" — but Walking Crow noted that the Pawnee knew Rides In Night as "Brother of Coyote, the man who defeated the Bad Wolf". (PROSE: Peacemaker)

In the days of the Native Americans, Hetocumtek arrived on Earth and set himself up as a god who was infamous for his cruel and destructive nature. Eventually, a "medicine man" managed to trick the alien into a totem pole, trapping him. They buried the totem pole in the Nevada Desert for fear of Hetocumtek's threats that he would one day break free when the totem pole "fell into the hand of man again". (TV: The Curse of Clyde Langer)

The Niantic people lived in New England. They had encountered the Hervoken, which they called Hee-oko. (PROSE: Forever Autumn)

After the failure of their first batch of Remote troops, Faction Paradox started many small Remote projects in 19th century Native American tribes like the Kiowa, Paiute, and Cheyenne. These tribes were ideal targets since, like the Faction, they believed in dakina spirits, used ceremonial self-mutilation like Catch-the-Bear's war bonnet, fetishised bones, and used prolonged ritualised torture (as a means to achieve a communal altered state of consciousness through the victim's screams). It was just a bonus that the tribes already had fast and reliable communication and the keen ability to adapt and incorporate invaders' technologies and weapons into their lives. Weapons like the Screaming Skull rifle were considered to be living extensions of the wielder, with their own naming ceremonies and totems. The Nunaha'wu of the Arapaho tribe was a result of these experiments. (PROSE: The Book of the War)

In 2009, Elijah Spellman told Sarah Jane Smith that mankind had always needed someone to make them laugh, slave or king. He mentioned that the pharaohs had fools as well as the Native Americans. (PROSE: Day of the Clown)

In 2011, Dr Samantha Madigan told Clyde Langer that the most famous Native American curse, called the Curse of Tippecanoe, had been supposedly placed on the American Presidents. (TV: The Curse of Clyde Langer)

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