- You may be looking for the humanoid this construct is based on.
He existed in the Shadow World as a virtual replica of the original Nardole from the Doctor's World. Like the rest of the Shadow World, he was created by the Monks, so that they could plan the perfect invasion of Earth.
Nardole shared the history and personality of his non-virtual counterpart, only parting with that history shortly after the events aboard Chasm Forge. He was a perfect duplicate and, like the rest of the people living within the Shadow World, he believed himself to be real.
Theorising that he was simply a virtual projection, like the rest of his world, Nardole stepped beyond the light of the projectors. As he dissolved into pixels, he realised he was right: "I'm part of it! I'm part of the simulation! Bill, I'm not real!".