The KVI (in Russian, Комитет внеземных исследований, pronounced Komitet Vnezemnih Issledovaniy, or the Committee for Extraterrestrial Research) (AUDIO: Fallout) was a Russian/Soviet organisation, set up to study alien activities.
According to Ivan Putin's account, it was set up by Tsar Alexander, a contemporary of Queen Victoria, after he learned of the establishment of the Torchwood Institute. (AUDIO: The Torchwood Archive) According to another account, it was established during the reign of his successor, Nicholas II, after the Tunguska Event of 1908 and did not yet have its later name.
In 1927, a Vondraxian orb was found in Siberia. At some point, someone was exposed to the tachyons inside. The KVI tried to harvest the tachyons, but after the person died, the tachyons were lost. After this, the KVI started studying the history of the Vondraxian Orbs. (PROSE: Trace Memory)
To keep up with rival powers in the alien technology race, the KVI worked with the Committee for many years, falling under their influence. In 1965, they rebelled against them resulting in a 32 minute war with the Committee. The Committee decisively won, creating Zone 10 with a time bomb, with the KVI using cosmonaut Anna Volokova as a bargaining chip to end the war. (AUDIO: Zone 10)
By 1967, Kenneth Valentine had defected from Torchwood Institute and had started to help the KVI. They set up a hidden base in Wales, in a warehouse for Hamilton's Sugar. In 1967, Hugo Faulkner had contacted them about Jack Harkness' immortality, so the KVI kidnapped him and Michael Bellini (who happened to be with him at the time). Though they planned to have them both brought to Russia for study, the Vondrax attacked, killing much of the personnel and allowing Jack and Michael to escape. The survivors were later arrested by Torchwood. (PROSE: Trace Memory)
In 2007, after Jack Harkness‘ exposure of Neil Redmond's duplicate, the KVI discovered numerous oligarchs’ lovers were Ovid dolls controlled by the Committee. (AUDIO: The Torchwood Archive) Torchwood Three agent Toshiko Sato made a deal with Director Maxim Ivanov to investigate the Pulse in return for information Torchwood had recovered from Redmond. She decoded the Pulse when she visited their office in Moscow. Ivanov travelled with her into Zone 10 where they found Anna, who had been returned there by the Committee. They were pursued by the FSB, who were aware of Anna’s presence and wanted to silence her. Ivanov was killed by the FSB and Anna launched in her old rocket, sending a final message to Tosh which became the Pulse. Tosh escaped with a gift from the Committee that Anna had been given for Torchwood, Object 1. (AUDIO: Zone 10)