Judaea was a part of the Roman Empire by at least 64 AD, when the First Doctor, Vicki, Barbara and Ian visited Byzantium. (PROSE: Byzantium!)

In 73, the First Doctor, Susan, Ian and Barbara visited Judaea. (PROSE: The Last Days)

As the Eighth Doctor later recalled, the Doctor once brought Leonardo da Vinci to Bethlehem, Judaea in the year 0 BC/AD, in order to witness the birth of Jesus Christ. Despite the Doctor's assurances that there was nothing to fear, once they arrived Leonardo would not approach the stable. (AUDIO: Relative Dimensions)

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