History was the perception of time relative to past events, or in the case of time travel, events that hadn't happened yet but were meant to, composing "future history." An individual who wrote about history was known as a historian. (TV: Snakedance)
Despite being involved in many events and always showing up when trouble happened, the Seventh Doctor claimed that history happened even when he wasn't around, which Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart said was accidental. (PROSE: Transit)
The Web of Time, described as the "hitching-post of chronology," was created by Rassilon as a meta-structure imposed on history. (AUDIO: Neverland) The Silence, if not all of the Church during the Siege of Trenzalore, referred to themselves as "the Sentinels of History" since they were dedicated to preventing the Eleventh Doctor from destroying the universe by releasing the Time Lords, (TV: The Wedding of River Song, The Time of the Doctor) who until the Time War had set themselves up as the "Guardians of History." (COMIC: The Flood)
As such, history could be changed via anomalies like the Time Field, (TV: Flesh and Stone) and events could diverge from causal nexuses onto alternate timelines. As time changed both histories could be remembered by the people who experienced them, resulting in the memory of parallel time streams. (TV: The Wedding of River Song, AUDIO: Prisoners of Fate) Individuals who survived the negation of their timeline could also remember their version of history, and would not know the real history. (AUDIO: Colditz) Parallel universes had different histories from each other. (PROSE: The Face of the Enemy)
After learning from the Fourth Doctor that he was only remembered as a war criminal, Magnus Greel quipped that "it [was] the winning side that [wrote] history". (TV: The Talons of Weng-Chiang) Later, while running through the streets of Paris to stop Scaroth from erasing mankind, the Fourth Doctor called out "Is no one interested in history!?" (TV: City of Death)
History as a subject
History was also a subject taught in schools.