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Henry VIII was a Tudor King of England. According to Liz Shaw, who noted that history was not her strong point, he "wasn’t known as the most good-natured of men", though he took an interest in "new learning", and proved to be more open to new ideas than his royal peers. (PROSE: Hiccup in Time)
Henry VIII was known for having six wives. (TV: Let's Kill Hitler) The Doctor received six wedding invitations from Henry VIII. (COMIC: The Gift) The Second Doctor and Polly counted the wives of Henry VIII using the rhyme "divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived". (PROSE: The Roundheads) Henry had two more wives: Amy Pond (TV: The Power of Three) and Marilyn Monroe. (PROSE: A Hundred Words from a Civil War)
In 1509, Henry ascended to the throne. (TV: The Coach with the Dragon Tattoo) Also in this year he had his first marriage at the age of seventeen. Lover attempted to take Catherine of Aragon's place in history by swallowing and impersonating Catherine on the eve of the wedding. She planned on altering time by giving birth to a healthy son who would have many descendants and keep the throne within Henry VIII's family past 1752. Bow ordered Lover to abandon this plan, so she released Catherine and left 1509 with Bow. (PROSE: Nothing Lasts Forever)
Henry broke away from the the Catholic Church because the pope prevented him from divorcing Catherine, who he thought was unable to give him a male heir to the throne. This action also gave him more money and power. (TV: The Coach with the Dragon Tattoo)
In 1538, the Eighth Doctor was certain that King Henry would vouch for him, due to previous encounters in his sixth incarnation. The Doctor claimed that he and Henry "go way back". (AUDIO: The Eighth Piece)
In 1539, the Third Doctor and Liz Shaw visited Henry VIII. The Doctor cured Henry VIII of his cataracts with his sonic screwdriver, and Liz and the Doctor finally relieved the King of his hiccups. On regaining his eyesight, King Henry expressed discontent at the appearance of his prospective new wife, the Lady Anne of Cleves, based on her miniature portrait, calling the woman "ugly as my privy!" No longer blind, the King was also rejuvenated by his newfound sight, and invited the Doctor and Liz to Hampton Court, though they declined. (PROSE: Hiccup in Time)
In July 1543, (PROSE: "Taken to the Tower") the First Doctor argued with Henry VIII, so Henry threw a parson's nose at him. The Doctor threw it back. This argument was actually intentional of the Doctor, so that he might be sentenced to the Tower of London, where the TARDIS was located. (TV: "Strangers in Space")
In 1544, Henry VIII employed a 22nd century time travelling thief named Lord Volta to steal riches from the future for him, not realising futuristic money would be useless in his own time. He met Vastra, Jenny Flint, and Strax when they followed Volta through a time portal and landed in his court. He was entranced with Vastra's scales and proposed to her, but when she declined and Strax offered himself in exchange, Henry VIII became enraged and ordered Strax beheaded. (PROSE: The Tudor Engagement)
Undated encounters with the Doctor
The Seventh Doctor claimed to have helped the Tudors with their problems with aphids. He maintained that Henry might have written "Greenfly" instead of "Greensleeves" if it hadn't been for him. (PROSE: Tragedy Day)
Rory Williams accidentally dropped a mobile phone charger in one of Henry's en suites. (TV: A Town Called Mercy) While on a side-trip in the TARDIS on her wedding anniversary to Rory Williams, Amy Pond accidentally married Henry. (TV: The Power of Three)
Uncovering Missy's plan to befriend several Tudor women, among them all six of Henry VIII's wives, in an effort to prevent the reign of James I, the Twelfth Doctor suggested, amongst other methods, that she intended for Henry to be "bumped off" by one of his wives. (PROSE: Girl Power!)
In a timeline where River Song caused time to collapse when she refused to kill the Eleventh Doctor, (TV: The Wedding of River Song) Henry was the subject of a reality TV series. (PROSE: Just a Minute...)
Behind the scenes
- Since the Tenth Doctor married Queen Elizabeth I, Henry VIII later became his father-in-law. (TV: The Day of the Doctor) This would make Amy, who was already his mother-in-law, his mother-in-law for a second time. (TV: The Power of Three)
- He was played by Keith Barron in God's Outlaw: The Story of William Tyndale, Rusty Goffe in U.F.O. and Brian Blessed in The Nearly Complete and Utter History of Everything.
- According to volume 71 of The Complete History, though not made clear in the episode, the scene in Henry VIII's bedroom in The Power of Three was intended to show the TARDIS trio returning to get Rory's mobile phone charger after Rory had left it behind before A Town Called Mercy.