A gramophone, or phonograph, was a device typically associated with 20th centuryEarth. It used a needle to play sounds recorded onto vinyl discs. It was most often used for the playing of music.
Individual discs could become scratched, which would result in the needle getting "stuck in the groove", resulting in short sections of a song being played over and over again in a loop. At least one of the Doctor's favourite records, "In a Dream," had a definite scratch in it, a matter of concern for both the Seventh and Eighth Doctors. (TV: Doctor Who)
The Seventh Doctor, at least while travelling with Benny, had an extensive collection of vinyl records for use on his console room gramophone. (PROSE: Eternity Weeps)
Both the seventh and eighth incarnations of the Doctor seemed to prefer listening to music reproduced on an early 20th century gramophone, as one had a prominent place within their console room around the time of the Seventh Doctor's regeneration. (TV: Doctor Who)