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An empire was a state which controlled more than one culturally distinct population groups. These were often different planets and/or species. Empires were usually led by an emperor, (TV: Nightmare in Silver) or empress, (TV: Empress of Mars) who could be elected or hereditary.
The First Doctor told his companions Vicki Pallister and Steven Taylor that every empire in the history of the galaxy eventually collapsed. (AUDIO: Upstairs) Ashad agreed with this, but noted that empires could rise again. (TV: Ascension of the Cybermen)
Human empires[edit | edit source]
There were many empires through time and space. Earth itself had several empires in its history. One of its earliest known empires was the Roman Empire, that centred in the city of Rome. (TV: The Big Bang) Although it eventually fell, (TV: Day of the Moon) it would later come about again as the New Roman Empire, a civilisation that flourished around the year 12005. (TV: The End of the World)
The largest Earth empire encompassed by a single nation was the British Empire, the empire of the United Kingdom which spread across the Earth. (TV: Tooth and Claw, The Empty Child, Empress of Mars, Demons of the Punjab) By 1850, it was considered the most powerful empire in Earth's history up to that point. (AUDIO: 1963: The Assassination Games) The nation of Japan also had it's own empire, which was the prominent power in Asia during the first half of the 20th century. (PROSE: The Shadow of Weng-Chiang) The Empire's ultimate aim was to unite Asia under the Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere. (PROSE: The Face of the Enemy) The Japanese and British Empires fought against each other during the Second World War. While Japan initially succeeded in taking Britain's colonies in Singapore (AUDIO: The Forsaken) and Burma into it's own empire, (PROSE: Just War, The Scales of Injustice) Britain (serving as part of the Allied powers) ultimately proved victorious in the conflict. (PROSE: Magic of the Angels)
Humanity also grew to eventually have galactic empires. While the date is uncertain, the first official Earth Empire formed in either 2501 by EarthGov, (PROSE: The Monsters Inside) or 2530s, by the Earth Federation. (PROSE: The Colony of Lies) By around the year 4000 (TV: The Daleks' Master Plan) the Earth Empire's successor, the First Great and Bountiful Human Empire came into being. (AUDIO: The Lost Flame) In the 42nd century, the Second Great and Bountiful Human Empire had influence in the Tri-Galactic. (TV: Planet of the Ood) Humanity later developed the Third Great and Bountiful Human Empire, which the Eleventh Doctor described as "neither great, nor bountiful, nor overwhelmingly human". (COMIC: A Fairytale Life) They also had a Fourth Great and Bountiful Human Empire that was manipulated by the Daleks. (TV: The Long Game, Bad Wolf, The Parting of the Ways) By the year 5000000000, the New Earth Empire (the official successor to the original Earth Empire) was created and governed by humans across the Earth. (COMIC: Agent Provocateur)
Humanity was also once directly controlled by another alien force, the Master, who formed the New Time Lord Empire, with the Toclafane acting as his army to rule over Earth during the Year That Never Was. (TV: Last of the Time Lords)
Earth's empires also did battle with other alien races. One notable example is the Draconian Empire which was the interstellar empire of the Draconians. (TV: Frontier in Space) The Fourth Great and Bountiful Human Empire also fought and lost against the Daleks. (TV: The Parting of the Ways) Emperor Ludens Nimrod Kendrick Cord Longstaff XLI, Defender of Humanity and Imperator of Known Space, led his human empire in battle against the Cyberiad, a Cyberman empire. (TV: Nightmare in Silver) In 1881, soldiers from the British Empire (serving under Queen Victoria, Empress of India) fought against the Ice Queen Iraxxa on Mars, where she attempted to revive her empire of Ice Warriors. The conflict ended with the humans and Ice Warriors forming an alliance. (TV: Empress of Mars)
Alien empires[edit | edit source]
Species beyond earth also created their own empires.
The Daleks had their own Dalek Empire spanning throughout time and space. (TV: The Dalek Invasion of Earth) After a brief period where it rebranded itself as the Restoration Empire, (PROSE: The Restoration Empire) the Dalek Empire served and died in the Last Great Time War. (TV: Dalek, The End of Time, The Day of the Doctor) After the war, Davros created a New Dalek Empire, which was eventually slaughtered by the Meta-Crisis Tenth Doctor. (TV: The Stolen Earth/Journey's End) Three survivors of the New Dalek Empire managed to raise the New Dalek Paradigm which was eventually felled by the Eleventh Doctor at the Siege of Trenzalore, with some suspecting that this defeat had been the final end of the Dalek race. (PROSE: The Astounding Untold History of the Greatest Enemies of the Universe)
The Sontarans had their own Sontaran Empire. (TV: The Sontaran Stratagem, The Poison Sky) They held a deep rivalry with the Rutans, (TV: The Sontaran Experiment) who had their Rutan Empire, the hive minded empire of the Rutan Host, ruled by the Rutan Queen. (TV: Horror of Fang Rock, PROSE: Shakedown)
The CyberIsomorphs had their own Cyber-Force, the overarching collaboration of their forces. (TV: Silver Nemesis) Other Cyber-subspecies operated the Cyberiad, (TV: Nightmare in Silver, COMIC: Supremacy of the Cybermen) and the Cyber-Empire. (COMIC: The Bidding War, TV: Ascension of the Cybermen, The Timeless Children)
The Dominators ruled the Ten Galaxies with their Quark servants. (TV: The Dominators) Some Quarks eventually broke off and founded their own empire. (COMIC: Invasion of the Quarks) The Quarks of another reality had an empire that was its universe's dominant power. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)
After Pythia had been overthrown, Rassilon led the Gallifreyans in founding the Fledgling Empires, conquering innumerable worlds, allying with those who would not fall. (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords) They were one of the earliest interstellar empires in the universe during the Dark Times, (TV: The Runaway Bride) and were at one point regarded as the most powerful empire in the universe. (PROSE: The Whoniverse) Though the Gallifreyan colonies had been liberated by the rise of the Time Lords, Gallifrey's dominion was still referred to as an empire during the Last Great Time War. (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords) Following the War, the Master attempted to raise the New Time Lord Empire on Earth. (TV: Last of the Time Lords)
In an era that followed the Fledgling Empires, the Jagaroth had established their own interstellar dominion only for it to grow beyond their ability to control, their subjects rising up against them and wiping them out. (PROSE: City of Death, The Whoniverse)