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Charles I of the House Stuart was King of England, Scotland and Ireland.

He was a son of King James and had an elder brother Prince Henry who died too early to become a king himself. After Prince Henry's death, Charles was prepared for the throne by the Duke of Buckingham. (PROSE: The Roundheads)

For eleven years he ruled without regard for the Parliament, ultimately causing the English Civil War (1641-1651). The Civil War brought down the King and saw the rise of Oliver Cromwell. By December 1648, Charles Stuart was a prisoner on the Isle of Wight and then in the Hurst Castle. Despite his successful escape aided by Polly Wright, he was eventually executed. According to the Second Doctor, no mention of his escape was left in history and his trial was to happen on 20 January 1649. (PROSE: The Roundheads) Lady Peinforte was a supporter of Charles I. (TV: Silver Nemesis)

George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, was Charles' minister and close friend. Under the King's orders, he smuggled an English army into France to take Paris in 1626 but was defeated by the Fifth Doctor. (AUDIO: The Church and the Crown)

Upon seeing a painting of his beheading, the Doctor remarked that the depiction was not how it actually happened. (PROSE: Child of Time)

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