At the beginning of the 20th century, Bosnia was under the Austrian control. The Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne, was assassinated in the Bosnian capital Sarajevo by a Serbian terrorist Gavrilo Princip because Serbia had a claim at Bosnia. This served as the casus belli for World War I. (PROSE: Human Nature) The Tenth Doctor claimed that, despite this territorial dispute between Austria and Serbia, most people had never heard of Bosnia before the assassination. (COMIC: The Weeping Angels of Mons)
At some point, it had been part of former Yugoslavia. By 1994, (PROSE: Invasion of the Cat-People) it became torn by internecine conflict. Eve Waugh believed that Great Britain was capable of becoming like this country even without an alien invasion. (PROSE: The Dying Days)
In 1996, during Operation Endeavour, a Bosnian diplomat was assassinated by a man who attempted to use Josie Williams as a hostage to escape from Major Johnson and his men. However, Paul Reynish sneaked up on him and saved her. (HOMEVID: When to Die) Jacques Fournier went to Bosnia with a United Nations peacekeeping force and learnt fluent English. (AUDIO: Uncanny Valley)
At 8:40AM GMT on a Wednesday in September 2009, Bosnia was among the numerous places across Earth in which RTAs occurred as a result of the 456 compelling every human child to suddenly stop and proclaim their message: "we are coming." (TV: Children of Earth: Day One)
Behind the scenes
- Conversation in The Dying Days shifts from Yugoslavia to Bosnia without explicitly stating that the two are connected. References don't even make it clear that it is a country, not a city. Although later compared to Britain, Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart compares Bosnia to the city of Belfast and Ianto Jones' list of countries also includes the city of Tokyo.
- The Tenth Doctor refers to a man who assassinated an Austrian archduke, starting World War I, as a Serbian. (TV: The Family of Blood) It might be more accurate to say that Gavrilo Princip was a Bosnian Serb, Serbs being an ethnic group in Bosnia.