The Axis was one of the two major alliances fighting on Earth during World War II, opposing the Allies. (COMIC: The Instruments of War)

In December 1941, both the Allies and Axis were ordered to strike the Sontaran world engine weapon, the Warsong, from both sides in order to buy time for the Twelfth Doctor and Field Marshal Erwin Rommel to break through its defences. (COMIC: The Instruments of War)


Germany and Japan were the two major Axis powers. Germany, under the rule of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis, led the Axis war in Europe. Japan was the main aggressor of the Pacific War, extending control of her empire over much Pacific and Far East Asian territory. (PROSE: Endgame, Warlords of Utopia, AUDIO: Churchill Victorious, Subterfuge, et al.)

Italy, under Benito Mussolini, was a third significant member who allied with Germany until the invasion of Italy. (PROSE: The Dying Days, The Turing Test, COMIC: Treasure Trail)

Manchukuo was the Japanese puppet state in Manchuria. (PROSE: The Shadow of Weng-Chiang)

After the defeat of France, the Vichy government, (AUDIO: Scorched Earth) also known as Vichy France, (PROSE: The Turing Test) was set up by Nazi Germany as a puppet government. Based in the town of Vichy in the south of France, they were, essentially, Nazi collaborationists. (AUDIO: Resistance)

German forces moved into Bulgaria. (PROSE: Just War) In 1942, Romania was occupied by Germany. (TV: The Curse of Fenric) Hungary and Yugoslavia also ended up under communist control after the war, as a result of German's defeat in the war against the Soviet Union. (PROSE: Endgame)

In the Sahara Desert, Tuareg tribesmen allied with the Germans. (COMIC: The Instruments of War)

Internal resistance Edit

Some German scientists, such as Fritz Haber, fled Germany around the time Hitler came to power. (AUDIO: The Alchemists) Further scientists fled to Great Britain at the outbreak of war. (PROSE: Losing the Audience) Zsa Zsa Straus, an Austrian chemist and mathematician, (AUDIO: The Jabari Countdown)

Woo, formerly Ishiguro Takashi, deserted the Imperial Japanese Army after the deaths of his brothers in the 1936 Tokyo revolt. He attempted to aid in the defence of China. (PROSE: The Shadow of Weng-Chiang) Toshiko Sato's grandfather, who was also Japanese, worked for the British in Bletchley Park. (TV: Greeks Bearing Gifts)

Anti-German partisan groups emerged in Bulgaria (PROSE: The Touch of the Nurazh) and Italy. (COMIC: Treasure Trail) The French Resistance was opposed the Vichy regime. (AUDIO: Resistance, Scorched Earth) Additionally, the Hungarian physicist, Edward Teller, was involved in the Manhattan Project. (AUDIO: Atom Bomb Blues)

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