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Austria was a country in Europe on Earth. For a long time, Hungary and Austria were an empire called the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Geography Edit

The capital of Austria was Vienna. (PROSE: Gold and Black Ooze) Other cities included Salzburg, (AUDIO: Better Watch Out) Linz and Innsbruck. (AUDIO: The Silver Turk)

Vienna stood on the river Danube. (AUDIO: A Requiem for the Doctor) Salzburg was a city on the river Salzach. (PROSE: Do You Believe in the Krampus?)

Austria had a border with Switzerland. (COMIC: Me and My Shadow)

Cultural heritage Edit

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a famous Austrian composer. Some of his music pieces premiered in Vienna. (AUDIO: A Requiem for the Doctor)

Vienna was also famous for its Vienna State Opera. (AUDIO: The Silver Turk)

Customs Edit

Unlike in England, Austrian children expected presents from St Nicholas on St Nicholas's Day, 6 December rather than on Christmas. (PROSE: Do You Believe in the Krampus?) In addition, while good children could expect the present as usual, naughty children were not simply punished by the lack of presents. St Nicholas's servant-companion the Krampus punished bad children and stole the most wicked in his basket. Salzburg held a Krampus run, or Krampuslauf, every year on 5 December. During this run, people dressed up as Krampuses and ran through the city scaring passers-by. (AUDIO: Better Watch Out)

History Edit

In 1782, Joseph II was the Emperor of Austria. (PROSE: The Adventuress of Henrietta Street)

In 1873, Austria was under the rule of Emperor Franz Joseph and his wife Elisabeth, who was often called Sisi. (AUDIO: The Silver Turk)

In 1914, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated. This and other events sparked World War I. (TV: The Family of Blood) At the end of the war, in 1918, Austria-Hungary was separated into Austria and Hungary.[source needed]

In 1938, due to Adolf Hitler acquiring the Bow of Nemesis and the Nemesis statue arriving near Earth, Hitler annexed Austria, adding it to the German Reich renamed Ostmark. (TV: Silver Nemesis) In 1939, Hitler listed Austria as one of the countries he had taken. (PROSE: Timewyrm: Exodus) In 1941, Austria was under Nazi occupation. (COMIC: Me and My Shadow)

The Tenth Doctor's companion Wolfgang Ryter was born in Salzburg, Austria in 1993. (COMIC: Flight of the Giurgeax)