Astrology (as•trol•o•gy) was the study of the positions and aspects of celestial bodies in the belief that they had an influence on the course of natural occurrences and the affairs of individuals. (PROSE: Introduction and links)
The concept dated back to the Dark Times and was shared by every species in the universe. (PROSE: Beautiful Chaos) It was therefore not unique to Earth, despite the fact that the human practice of the discipline was entirely based on the Earth's relative position to heavenly bodies in its close proximity. Mr Smith once revealed to Luke Smith that many planets, like Draconia, had a kind of astrology. (TV: Secrets of the Stars) The source of Mr Smith's information may not have been accurate, however, as the Draconian, Salamanca, once told his human captain, Gillian Sherwin, "Draconia has no astrology." (PROSE: The Dark Path)
The Ancient Lights' power derived from astrology and the zodiac, despite the fact that, according to Sarah Jane Smith, astrology contradicted the physics of the universe. It was believed that this was because astrology worked in the Ancient Lights' universe due to its different laws of physics. (TV: Secrets of the Stars)
The first appearance of astrology in human history was in around 10,500 BC, when the pyramids built by the Osirans in Egypt had astral charts, which served as the inspiration for the Egyptians to study the night sky.
The cultures of the Mayans, Aborigines, and China simultaneously adopted astrology, without contact between the races. Eventually, the Ancient Greeks would devise the zodiac system. (PROSE: Introduction and links)
In the 20th century, Adelaide Lessage believed in astrology and used to consult Miss Nethercott every month. The astrologer had warned her about having seen tragedy in her stars. Lord Henry Palmerdale had laughed at the prediction and left Deauville regardless. They were wrecked on Fang Rock where a Rutan scout killed Adelaide. (TV: Horror of Fang Rock)
Nazis Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler believed in astrology. (PROSE: Timewyrm: Exodus) According to the Twelfth Doctor, in 1941, an Austrian "madman" Field Marshall Rommel served under used horoscopes to make his decisions for battle and men were dying all because of "celestial geography". (COMIC: The Instruments of War)